The International Labor Organization deals with the working conditions, freedom of organizing, maternity protection, child labor, social security discrimination and so much more and won a Nobel Peace prize in 1969. The organization was formed by the League of Nations after World War I as a treaty of Versailles. The objectives of the International Labor Organization were to promote international standards for the working and living conditions of the workers and to promote the trade union, abolition of forced labor and child labor, equality in work stations, and also give social security to the employees. The work of the International Labor Organization is mainly to monitor and implement the standards of the individual. It also has a committee of Experts and a committee on the Freedom of Association as supervisors so that they monitor the implementation of the obligations that are made.
Roles of the United Nations in the International Labor organization
The conventions and the treaties state that the parties agree that the court must be aware of any dispute that arises. The conclusions are always made public and there is no appeal granted. The decision only binds the parties and not all the nations of the world.
How Does the International Labor Organization Work?
The International Labor Organization is a tripartite organization in which employers and workers each have 25 percent of the seats on the Governing Body and at the annual International Labor Conference, while the Government has 50 percent of the same. The International Trade Union Confederation and the International Organization of Employers play an essential role in coordinating the involvement of the workers. It also holds conventions and also helps the government and others in taking note of the decisions and conventions. It is taken into consideration that more than 180 International Labor Organizations have already been formed whereas their main concern is areas such as discrimination of workers, the working conditions of the workers, and freedom of organization (International Labor Organization, 1996).
Supervisory bodies for workers
The International Labor Organization has a reporting system and a complaint system that ensures that the ratified conventions are observed. Each and every company or country must report annually on the implementation of the conventions. Also, the social partners and the government could complain because of some violations of the conventions on the freedom to bargain collectively and to organize. In order to make sure that the countries do observe the conventions, the International Labor Organization holds activities to help the development of labor market structures in the third world and in Eastern Europe. This activity is mostly carried out in liaison with the relevant organization, where the International Labor Organization office acts as the secretariat to the organization and as a documentation center for research. The International Labor Organization has more than 175 states who are members and its headquarter is in Geneva and has field offices in more than 40 countries.
The International Labor Organization is unique from the UN system because the decisions are not only made by the member states but are made jointly by governments, workers’ organizations, and employers’ organizations and it holds conferences each year.
The International Labor Organization has been of much importance and help to the local people and has published the study of local peoples’ living and working conditions for aboriginal populations in the independent countries. This organization began working on the conventions on local and tribal populations which was the first international treaty made for the protection of indigenous people.
International Labor Organization. (1996). Promoting jobs, protecting people. Web.