📜 Essays on History

Federal Republic of Germany’s Political System

Introduction The German armed forces surrendered to the British and United States armies on May eighth, 1945 at Rheims in France and o the Red Army outside Berlin. This capitulation was unconditional and the consequences of this surrender to the German politics in the Western part of the country is...

History

Napoleon Bonaparte’s Leadership Profile

Name of Officer: Napoleon Bonaparte. Other Names/Aliases: Napoleon I Napoleon the Great The Little Corporal Emperor of the French King of Italy Protector of the Confederation of the Rhine President of the Italian Republic First Consul of France. Name of Service and Branch: The French Armies. Physical Description Dates of Birth: 08/15/1769....

History

American History from the 1890s Through World War I

Introduction In the late 18th century during the government of James Monroe, the United States of America’s central government policy was to keep the native residents out of reach of the white borders into the Indian corollary cycle. At around the year 1990, the United States of America had gained...

History

The Cold War and Its Legacy in the World

Introduction The Cold War was a conflict between the U.S. and its allies against the Soviet Union and its allies which lasted from the end of World War II until 1991. The war was conventional in that it, for the most part, was not fought on the battlefield. It was,...

History

Politics of South Asia. India and British Rule

Introduction The British colonial Empire was the largest in the world and involved one forth of the global population. The aim of the British colonization was to explore new lands and use natural resources of low developed countries. The British East India Company was chartered in 1600 as nothing more...

History

The Nature of Modern Chinese Nationalism

The word nationalism has a very complex nature, and it can be discussed from various standpoints. In terms of sociology, it is the policy, which attaches primary importance to the interests of some particular nation. The nation, itself is viewed as a unifying factor, the cornerstone of the state. In...

History

India: East India Company and Britain After the Mutiny

Colonial rule in India was established in 1818 when the East India Company entered the country and established its own rule. Exploitation occurred, but the colonial rule was based on other things besides exploitation. Historical facts and figures show that India was better governed by the East India Company before...

History

The Civil Rights Movement: From Outrage to Change

The Civil Rights Movement has been significant in the history of America as it not only made the people conscious about their pertinent role in the civilization but more importantly resulted in the exact momentum which favored similar reform movements in the 1960s and 1970s. More significantly, it had an...

History

War in Iraq: Reasons and Consequences

The US-led war against Iraq, as many believe, did not begin in 2003. The fact is that the US and Britain have been fighting an undeclared war against Iraq for the past twelve years, ever since the end of the Gulf Slaughter in 1991. The American and British attacks on...

History

The Turning Point of Women in History

Background The women’s struggle to obtain equality has come a long way. Before the 1890s, referred to as the era of the woman, the woman’s place was subdued, to say the very least. Women had to conform to the expectations of traditions and Christian values which required them to be...

History

Cold War Causes and Consequences

The cold war is a term used to describe the 40+ years of struggle and rivalry between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and its allies and the United States and its allies. During the Cold War period, the 1940s to late 1980s, global politics were shaped heavily by...

History

Women’s History and the American Experience

Feminism can be defined as a way of thinking in terms of power ownership; that is who has power, how power is used or misused by the ones who hold it in relation to gender. It looks into the way power relations are considering the chances that are available for...

History

The Life and Times of Richard the Lionheart

Introduction Richard 1 – commonly referred to as Richard the Lionheart, was born on September 8, 1157. He was the third lawful son of King Henry II of England. According to West and Gaff (2005), Richard was the third son of King Henry II and therefore was never expected to...

History

Lyndon B. Johnson in the Vietnam War

A Review of the Literature Debates have been raging on for some years over the participation of the United States in the Vietnam War. This Research Paper tries to review the literature on the United State’s interest in Vietnam, Its concerns in the region, The Gulf of Tonkin Incident, and...

History

Articles of Confederation 1777 and the U.S. Constitution 1787: Objective Comparison

Introduction Articles of confederation were authored by the continental congress on 15th November 1777 and ratified on March 1, 1781, with the basic purpose of giving a documented Constitution to the then United States of America. The original five paged articles of confederation consisted of detailed thirteen articles, a section...

History

United States Grand Strategy in Post Cold War Era

Introduction During the Cold war, Containment of the Soviet Union had been the main policy. This policy of Containment was carried out under the nuclear overhang where both sides tried to out-produce each other in terms of number of nuclear weapons giving rise to nuclear strategies such as Mutually Assured...

History

Violence Against Native American Women

Native American women living on reservations are forced to deal with unique challenges. There is a limited number of police officers to respond to calls; jurisdictional issues are unresolved; there are no jails; the national law is not enforced. As the result, Native American women are left alone to cope...

History

United Nations During and After Cold War.

Introduction This paper strives to present the significance of operations performed by United Nations to provide international security and maintain peace throughout the world. The reasons and consequences of Cold War have been probed and the effectiveness of United Nations Security Council both during Cold War and in the post-Cold...

History

Women’s Rights Movement in 19th Century.

Introduction According to Ellen Carol DuBois in her article “The First Women’s Rights Movement,” those who were involved in writing and promoting the history of women’s rights in the early years were veterans of the suffrage movement. They had the notion that in preserving history, they are contributing to “the...

History

The Revolutionary War (The American War of Independence)

The revolutionary war was also referred to as the American war of independence. This war took place between 1775 and 1783 and it was a culmination of the conflict between the colonies of Great Britain in North America and their mother country. France was a participant in the war as...

History

Lincoln’s Election: Catalyst for Beginning of Civil War

The American civil war, fought between 1861-1865, has gone down in the United States’ history as the nation’s costliest war, in which an estimated 620,000 Americans lost their lives, killed by fellow Americans. It was the most bloody and brutal war ever fought on American soil with thousands of soldiers...

History

‘I Have a Dream’ Speech by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

The speech ‘I Have a Dream delivered by prominent African-American leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. before a massive audience of more than 200,000 people on 28 August 1963 at the foot of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. was undoubtedly the cornerstone and turning point of the American Civil...

History

Stock Market Crash of 1929 and 1987

Introduction The stock market crashes of 1929 and 1987 are similar in terms of the economic reasons that led to financial instability, however, they differ in the degree of crisis, and fiscal and monetary policy undertaken by the government to correct the situation and the consequences on both U.S. and...

History

British Colonialism and India

Introduction In the 19th century, Great Britain had started its occupation of India. Using strict military rule, it exploited India’s resources and its people to use as labour. It was able to justify this for a few reasons. Many theories attempt to explain the motives for Imperialism. One of the...

History

American Foreign Policy After the Vietnam War

In 1985, Richard M. Nixon described the Vietnam War as the most “misunderstood event in the history of America” (“The Ultimate Resource for the Vietnam War”). True enough, unifying a nation into a single unit became a very tumultuous task for the Viets. Not only did it intensify the separation...

History

Cultural, Social, and Religious Revolutions

Different types of revolutions produce various effects on the people participating in them as well as those living in the same country with the revolutionaries. Each kind of revolution, be it cultural, social, or religious, has its specific goals. Depending on these objectives, the time used to prepare and conduct...

History

Harry S. Truman’s Biographical Sketch

When Truman was a child he dreamt about another career.  Truman together with the brother wanted to select the activity of the bank employee. From 1906 to 1907 together with the father and the brother he worked at the farm. After his father had died in 1914, Truman incurred the...

History

Legacy of Versailles and Causes of World War II

Introduction The roots of any war are never limited to only one fact or event influencing someone’s worldview. Usually, the causes of disastrous bloodshed involve a variety of elements, some of which, however paradoxically it may sound, were meant to abolish military combats. One of such contradictory pages in the...

History

Abolition of Slavery and Women’s Rights Movement in the 19th Century

Introduction The Thirteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution was beyond doubt the most critical change in the country’s law and social systems. Ratified in 1865, this Amendment abolished slavery and any kind of involuntary servitude, granting freedom from their former masters to all African Americans. Soon after, in 1968,...

History

The History and Impact of Great Depression

Introduction The New Deal – is the policy held by the president Franklin D. Roosevelt during the period of great depression with the goal of providing relief, recovery, and reform (3 Rs) to the people and financial system of the United States during the Great Depression. The Depression itself was...

History

Gamal Abdel Nasser and the Egyptian Revolution

Introduction Gamal Abdel Nasser was the Egyptian statesman and a key political figure, the second president of Egypt serving from 1956 until his death in 1970. The Egyptian revolution in which he played a great role as well as his presidency drastically changed the future of several generations of the...

History

World War II: A Good War or a Just War?

Prelude “A just war” seems a contradiction in terms, apparently. A good war seems to be a phrase that is ambiguous; but to decide whether World War II is a ‘good war’ or a ‘just war’ may not be a simple exercise. The general perception is that World War II...

History

American Progressive Era: Benefits and Drawbacks

The Progressive Era in the U.S. is a period that lasted from 1890 to 1920 and was actually known for two distinct characteristics: It was a time where progressive social movements within the county sought to change various aspects of the country, specifically the government and the economy. It was...

History

American Civil War: The South and Slavery

No other problem has ever had a deeper effect and a more lasting impact than slavery. When people celebrate American freedom, they should be cognizant of the lasting and agonizing struggle shared in slavery mainly experienced by African Americans. A thorough understanding of present occurrences necessitates a look into the...

History

Ivan the Terrible – A Statesman or a Madman?

Introduction Ivan the Terrible was one of the most famous and influential Russian rulers in its history. He is remembered for his reforms of the Russian state, which strengthened the central power of the monarch and weakened the nobility and the Boyars, as well as for his expansion to the...

History

The Great Depression in the US: Examining the Causes

Introduction The Great Depression, which lasted for approximately ten years, affected the financial affairs of such great powers as the United States, Germany, Canada, France, and the United Kingdom. The economic crisis that happened in these countries has significantly impacted the politics and economy of the US. The causes of...

History

How Slavery Has Shaped the Lives of African Americans?

Introduction One of our country’s bleak moments in history is the slavery incident that continues to haunt the nations almost two centuries after the slavery institution was officially abolished by the Lincoln administration. Slavery was crucial to the economic well-being of the colonies in North American, whose plantation heavily relied...

History

The Long-Term Effects of the 1967 Six Day War

Who participated in the war, and why? The six-day war was fought by various countries in the Middle East region. Essentially, the war was between various Arab countries against Israel. The Arab countries that actively participated in the six-day war included Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. Prior to the 1967 war,...

History

American Indian Environmental Movement in Arizona

Quote According to Sheridan, the creation of Native American reservations in Arizona “proceeded sporadically and haphazardly over 119 years” (305). Booth states that “modern Native Americans face different challenges than did their ancestors, and many of those challenges affect how they can now relate to the land” (330). Paraphrase Original...

History

Social Status of African-Americans during 1920-2000

In XIX – XX centuries, segregation and discrimination of black Americans was enshrined in the laws of Southern states. The active struggle against racism in the United States began after the Second World War. The supporters of racist views felt they were supporting the just beliefs. The segregation was firmly...

History

Feminists’ Liberal Rights in the 19th Century

Introduction The first wave feminists and activists of this period define feminism as women who fought for their deprived liberal rights in the society. They believed that everyone should be treated as being free and equal. These first wave feminists also formed the Early Women Movement. They advocated for their...

History

The Emancipation Proclamation Origin

The Origin of the Emancipation Proclamation and the start of the Civil War The origin of the Emancipation Proclamation was based on the progressive movement in the North (Eddlem 34). It began as a social movement within various local areas, which slowly progressed towards the national level. It attempted to...

History

Chinese Colonial Administration in Inner Asia

China and Other Colonial Empires China has always been one of the most discussed and investigated countries. Today, the outstanding development of this state gives rise to a new wave of discussions about its imperialistic past and how it impacts its todays growth. In the paper “China and Other Colonial...

History

State and Society in Spanish America

Introduction In his book, State and Society in Spanish America during the Age of Revolution, Victor Uribe-Uran, considers the period between 1760 -1850 to be a period of deep-seated transformations. Other authors had different names for the same period. For instance, palmer referred to this period as the Age of...

History

The Causes of the Cold War

In 1945, the joint forces of the allies managed to defeat the Axis, which resulted in the end of World War II. However, the Soviet Union and the United States had different opinions concerning the world structure, and it led to significant geopolitical tension between the nations. The USSR wanted...

History

Early Reform Movements and American Civil War

Introduction American history is rich and fascinating. The American civil war is one of the most significant historical events. The reform movement and the industrial revolution are also very important aspects of American history. This paper will look at the early reform movements and the causes of the American civil...

History

Chapters 11-20 of David Potter’s “Impending Crisis”

Introduction David Potter, in his book, “The Impending Crisis,” analyzed in detail issues, events, and personalities that occurred in American history between 1848 and 1861. The author explored the genesis and impacts of the conflict between the South and the North. Potter argued that although the Northerners and Southerners had...

History

The Great Depression History

Introduction The Great Depression was a landmark event in the history of the United States that also influenced the flow of the global history. Starting with Black Thursday (October 24, 1929) and the Stock Market Crash, the Great Depression unravelled with such events as the increase of unemployment rates, farmers...

History

Modern Visions of the American Civil War

The history of any country is a chain of events that aftersound in people’s hearts for quite a long time. The Civil War hit the United States in the middle of the nineteenth century. Although it finished more than one hundred and fifty years ago, it remains quite an interesting...

History

Toronto Athenaeum Club in Canadian Labor History

Nowadays, Canada belongs to the number of countries having a relatively high quality of life, and it is possible to suppose that this fact clearly relates to the rich history of the Canadian labor market. The given sphere of social life in Canada presents an interesting research subject because the...

History

Role of Women in the Arabian Gulf

Introduction Today, the progress of the Middle East turns out to be an example for many nations. The region of the Arabian Gulf, including such basin countries as the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman, Kuwait, and Iraq, represents the world’s biggest offshore oil and gas field.1...

History

Slavery and Its Legend in North America

Introduction The history of slavery in the United States dates back to the beginning of the 17th century when the shores of Virginia first welcomed a ship full of captive Africans. While the patterns that slavery took in the United States may reminisce of those present in other countries, one...

History

Marriage and Adultery Laws of Emperor Augustus

Introduction Gaius Octavius, popularly known as Emperor Augustus, is considered one of the most important rulers of Rome. He is the individual credited with the founding of the Roman Empire in 27BC after the collapse of the Roman Republic. Augustus was able to overcome the social and political upheaval prevalent...

History

Feminist Pro-Porn During Sex Wars in the 1970-80s

Introduction Feminist Sex Wars of the 1970s and 1980s were acrimonious debates about a number of issues relating to sex and the role of women in this context. In the debate that was uniquely feminist in nature, the focus was on various issues about sex and how different members of...

History

Law and Justice in Ancient Societies

Introduction In the ancient world, law and justice were used to maintain peace and harmony between people living in different societies. These laws were used to judge citizens of territories where ancient empires had acquired authority to administer as the dominant source of government. Ancient laws and justice systems were...

History

The Rise of the Civil Society in Cambodia

Introduction Civil society organizations in Cambodia started in the 1990s. Various agencies that brought about the civic societies in the country include the UN Transitional Authority (UNTC). What followed was a quick expansion of media outlets such radio, foreign, and opposition newspapers. Since then, the country has been experiencing a...

History

The Civil War: Causes and Effects

Introduction Many political events characterized the crisis that precipitated the Civil War (1861-1865). In the early 1850s, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was enacted giving the former colony sovereign power to decide on whether to abolish or allow African slavery (Kelly 91). This single event turned Kansas into a battlefield pitting the...

History

Important Events in the Money History

Introduction The advent and use of money have been a revelation in the world. In fact, the significance of money has outweighed its limitations. The use of money has contributed to the development and globalization of the world. Despite many upheavals, money has transcended to become one of the most...

History

Chinese Americans’ Issues in the US and California

The primary dilemma of any minority community is and always has been, whether to keep themselves inside the boundaries of the community or to integrate with the majority, which is the major issue of American-Chinese relationships. The two different claims of “belonging” in the 1936 Chinese American essay contests The...

History

Intelligence Community History in the USA

Introduction The United States Intelligence Community, commonly referred to as IC, refers to a joint association of seventeen distinguished United States administration outfits that operate independently and jointly to carry out intelligence operations. These operations are essential for the performance of overseas affairs and the safeguard of the state-run safety...

History

The American Revolution

Slave trade was crucial to the colonialists during the colonial times. It supplied slaves that provided manpower to their farms. Despite its essence, African slaves were not many. Majority of the colonial masters had not agreed on enslaving Africans because they related them with the indentured white servants that were...

History

British East India Company and Its Control over India

Introduction British East India Company was one of the most successful establishments in the history of the Queen’s empire. It was founded on December 31, 1600. It is one of the legacies associated with Queen Elizabeth 1. The aim of the organization was to compete with Dutch East Company for...

History

Decolonization of British and French West Africa

Introduction and background History records that European interests and contacts with West Africa started as early as the fifteenth century (Johnston 2011, p.98). Okoth (2006, p.210) points out that European contacts with West Africa can be traced back to this period when traders from Portugal started linking with people of...

History

Women in the Civil Rights Movement

Viewpoint: Women actively participated in the civil rights movement. This participation also shaped the role of future generations of women later on, in America and other parts of the World. Evidence Women sacrificed their lives and fought determinedly, asking for a social revolution. Unfortunately their efforts have been overlooked. Apart...

History

The USA and Other Countries During the Cold War

Introduction The Cold War was a great event in global history. The opposition of two leading superstates was crucial for that period as almost all countries were involved in the conflict and were affected by the blistering deterioration of relations between the USA and the USSR. The scale of the...

History

Women’s Lives and Their Experiences

Introduction Women are important individuals in our societies since they contribute in promoting the execution of social and economic activities. Their roles cannot be ignored in any setting since their input in various facets of operation is significant towards performance enhancement. Indeed, any nation that aspires to record exemplary performance...

History

Best Generals of the Civil War

Introduction The American Civil War lasted for four years but left on its trail devastating destruction of property and life that will later take decades to rebuild. While there are other reasons for the start of the war, the main reason that led the southern states to call for secession...

History

American Racial Prejudice and Racism

Introduction Racial discrimination has remained a controversial issue throughout the evolution of America’s history. Inequality, prejudice, and racial disparities have developed across a number of areas such as family formation, employment levels, ethnic violence, housing, health, schooling, judicial rulings, and incarceration rates. The United States is a nation of immigrants....

History

The United States Foreign Policy

The results of the World War II and the termination of the Cold War made the United States of America the world’s superpower. Foreign policy played a crucial role in gaining the stable leading position in the world and establishing the dominance in many areas. Post World War II Presidents...

History

American Revolution History: the Boston Tea Party

Introduction The Boston Tea Party refers to a political protest organized to oppose the Tea Act that had been ratified in 1773 and that imposed what people referred to as unfair taxes on colonists in Massachusetts (Carp 34). The protest involved Sons of Liberty, an organization that had been founded...

History

Changes in East Asia after World War II

Introduction The Second World War was the most devastating and extensive war ever carried out by mankind. This war, which took place from 1939 to 1945, involved almost all nations in the world, and it led to the loss of millions of civilian and troop lives. The major outcome of...

History

Chinese Communist Party

Introduction Historians regard 1949 as the most significant year in Modern Chinese history. In this year, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was able to defeat the ruling Kuomintang (KMT) and successfully establish the People’s Republic of China (PRC) under Chairman Mao. This victory had resounding repercussions on the lives of...

History

Abraham Lincoln’s Leadership During the Civil War

Introduction When Abraham Lincoln ran for the position of the President of the United States (in 1860), the time of his election was one of the most consequential periods in American history. After his election, the Southern states did not agree with the choice of the President, thinking that he...

History

Women’s Role in the Victorian Society

Introduction The Victorian era refers to a period in Great Britain under the rule of Queen Victoria. This period was between 1837 and 1901. There are endless debates regarding the place of women in this society (Broadview Press 96; Thomas 1-3). These debates not only outline the origin of discussions...

History

The Cold War and the United States Response

What was the Cold War? How did the United States respond? Among people who lived in the second half of the twentieth century, a word-combination “cold war” is strongly associated with the rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union after the Second World War. At that time, the...

History

English East India Company and the Great Rebellion of 1857

Introduction Civilization mission is one of the major factors used to justify colonization. It involves the spread of western culture to indigenous communities. Its pedigree can be traced to the middle ages in the Christian tradition. At the time, the European colonial powers saw people from other nations as inferior...

History

Chinese Americans: History and Discrimination

The Chinese have been living in USA since the eighteenth century, though some claim that they have been living there from as early as the seventeenth century. In the middle of the nineteenth century, there was great migration of the Chinese due to abundance of gold in California, while others...

History

African Studies: Domestic and Intimate Partner Violence

Introduction The historical and current treatment of black women since the years of slavery until today, the devaluation of women in the U.S. society, and the idea that protecting women against violence is the burden of women have created a culture that fosters and accepts domestic violence and intimate partner...

History

Africans in America – the Growth of Slavery in the 1600s and 1700s

Introduction American slavery involved the ownership of persons who were subjected to work without consent and contracts. The southern side focused on cash crop cultivation as the main economic activity while the northern side agricultural activities were less. In the north, slaves were used in domestic work and skilled crafts...

History

Discrimination in the United States of America

The United States of America has experienced an impressive change from the discrimination which was common in the country up to the 20th century. Various personalities like Martin Luther King Junior died while fighting discrimination in society. The society was suffering from the chronic disease of social discrimination that was...

History