? Essays on Sciences

Osmosis Egg Lab Report

Objective of the Experiment The experiment is aimed at giving a better understanding of osmosis process and the different experiment conditions under which osmosis occurs. Introduction Osmosis is a process whereby water or any fluid moves from the area of less concentration of dissolved particles to a region of high...

Sciences

Extrasolar Planets Search and Current Achievements

Introduction Astronomers have always strived to penetrate the sky and look at the invisible. It is very difficult to observe extrasolar planets directly. The radial velocity method and the transit methods are used to find them. The purpose of this research paper is to explore the current achievements in the...

Sciences

Statistics: Principles and Methods

Introduction The absence of an independent variable in research should be viewed as a cause of concern. The point is, any quasi-experimental study has to involve the manipulation of one or more independent variables that already exist (such as race, gender, age). These variables may be either categorical or continuous....

Sciences

Controversy Between the Existence of God and Evolution

Introduction The question concerning the origin of the Earth and humans has been a subject of ongoing discussion for many centuries. With the development of science, long-established religious ideas about God’s creation of the world encountered an opposing view justifying that the Earth, as well as all living forms on...

Sciences

Does Evolution Explain Human Nature?

Evolution Respected schools of thought, have overlapping ideologies of what Evolution is all about. Almost all of them, seem to see Evolution as an alteration in traits of a given generation or population. When a given population is divided into sub-units, usually very small in nature, these units or groups...

Sciences

Water Supply System: Maryland

Maryland is one of the states in the larger United States of America. It is situated in the mid-Atlantic region and is bordered to the south and west with West Virginia and District of Columbia; to the north with Pennsylvania and the west is Delaware (FindArticles.com). Based on the findings...

Sciences

Educational Research Methods and Applications

Introduction Educational research is always conducted in order to investigate the patterns of behaviour among pupils, students and teachers in schools. This research is done by examining work products such as standardize tests results and documents. Similarly to other socials sciences, qualitative and quantitative research methods are used in educational...

Sciences

Lean Game and Bullwhip Game

Lean Game Introduction The lean manufacturing process is generally defined as the business performance strategy that regulates the manufacturing stage by reducing the manufacturing wastes and improving the manufacturing process. The key problems and risks that are considered in this game are over-production, waiting time, transportation, processing, inventory, motion and...

Sciences

Water Resources: Their Beneficial Uses

Introduction The crucial role that water plays in people’s lives cannot be underestimated. Water is one of the most essential resources that man cannot do without. All forms of life on earth entirely depend on water man derives his water from various sources. These sources include streams, rivers, springs, lakes,...

Sciences

The Effects of Diverse Culture of a Business in UAE

Introduction Overview of the United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates is a relatively young federation comprised of seven Gulf States. Each state bears its own unique history and cultural identity. Based on the 2008 statistics, the country has a population of 4,621,399 and the officially spoken language is Arabic...

Sciences

Qualitative and Quantitative Research Method

Qualitative Research Question Qualitative research is mainly used in social sciences. However, the method can be applied in other disciplines such as marketing and psychology (Finlay, 2002). This research method aims at studying human behavior and determining the reasons which trigger such behavior. It also tries to know how people...

Sciences

Metamorphic Rocks: Origin and Formation

Introduction Metamorphic rocks are formed when pre-formed and old rocks undergo metamorphism, which is a process whereby the rocks are exposed to high temperatures and pressure. The rocks are initially under intense pressure due to the outer layers exerting tons and tons of pressure on the inner layers. The pressure...

Sciences

Education Case Study and Qualitative Research

Introduction Qualitative research has an important role in understanding various disciplines of this world and how they complement other forms of knowledge. The core Qualitative research methods can be described as ways to comprehend in-depth interviews of individuals and small groups, systematic field observation of their behavior and analysis of...

Sciences

Embryonic Stem Cell Research Funding

Introduction In recent years, medical science has made a great leap toward the development of cures for incurable diseases. A fear of the misuse of scientific knowledge has marked many of the debates. In contrast to tradition medicine, the main advantage of stem-cell research is that doctors will be able...

Sciences

Political Science Research on Ethical Problems Analysis

Introduction A good and successful political science research should hold a good human factor attribute, which include; accountability, integrity, responsibility, loyalty, motivation, wisdom, honesty, commitment, vision, skills, dedication, creativity, knowledge, trustworthy and ethnic sensitivity. Those individuals who advocate for professional ethics assert that research ethics must be adhered to in...

Sciences

Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Business Research

Introduction A research design whether quantitative or qualitative is the philosophical or general principle framework that guides the research. Qualitative research aims at exploring behaviors, attitudes, and experiences using research methods, instruments, or tools like questionnaires, interviews, or focus groups (case studies), attempting to get an in-depth participants’ opinion. Examples...

Sciences

Genetically Modified Organisms: Scientific Research

Introduction The genetic material in genetically modified organisms is altered through recombinant DNA technology. The process takes place in vitro, whereby a pool of DNA molecules is established from different sources to create a single gene. The DNA from the newly formed gene is administered to an organism and it...

Sciences

History, Archaeology, and Bible

Introduction The account of how and why the Bible was created – and how it fits the unusual history of the people of Israel – is intimately associated with a fascinating account of modern detection. The search has focused on a tiny land, edged in on two sides by wasteland...

Sciences

“The Structure of Scientific Revolutions” by Thomas Kuhn

Kuhn’s phases of scientific history are advocated for in his theory that science has a “cycle of revolutions” within which it functions. In this theory, he put forward the scientific history as having five phases namely: Pure paradigm phase (the non-science phase); paradigmatic science (Normal science phase); the crisis phase;...

Sciences

Review of Microbiology Concepts

Ensuring microbiological safety of the food products is one of the state healthcare system’s priority tasks, the solution of which is directly aimed at protecting public health. Abebe et al. (2020) claim that “Salmonella species, L. monocytogenes, and E. coli are the major zoonotic bacterial pathogens which are the causative...

Sciences

Effectiveness of Stem Cell Therapy in Human Treatment

Stem cell research followed the invention of techniques which aimed at altering the genetic material and human cells production methods in the Laboratory. In 1988,James Thomson University, of Madison, was able to get cells from embryos and grew them in laboratory, and later started a stem cell research, establishing the...

Sciences

Should Human Cloning Be Allowed?

Introduction Cloning is the technical term that refers to the scientific genetic replication method. The scientific society worldwide is in the process of exploring the similarity in the characteristics between the original being and its duplicated clone and the impact of genetics on the similarity between the two replicas (Pakhare...

Sciences

Student Life Stress and Health Related Quality of Life

Abstract The aim of the research is to investigate the correlation between health problems and quality of life among medical students and impact on stress on their health. It is supposed that the quality of life can be positively improved, if the stress in the lives of medical students is...

Sciences

Correlational and Descriptive Research Methods

The relationship between theory and research is interconnecting, research’s main objective is to search or test a theory. Theory, on the other hand, depends on research for development (Fawcett and Downs, Pp. 4-7). There are many types of research, but basically, research is either applied to aim to solve an...

Sciences

Solar Energy Capture and Biohydrogen Production

Abstract Solar radiation energy capture, conversion of photo energy to chemical energy, and biopolymers by a number of photoautotrophic organisms constitute the basis of life on the planet. Through complex, molecular machinery and processes for the efficient production of energy, photoautotrophs have efficiently converted solar energy into chemical energy for...

Sciences

Genetically Modified Crop Technology Implications

Introduction Global events such as overpopulation, climate change, and a shortage of food resources have led to the use of biotechnology in agriculture to produce genetically modified crops. Genetic modifications allow plants to withstand any potential environmental and farms can produce higher amounts of harvested crop yields. However, the introduction...

Sciences

Engineering OleT Enzyme to Improve Biofuel Yield

Introduction Global energy demand is reported to increase significantly over the last one year. The Global Energy and CO2 Status Report that was released in March 2018 indicated that energy requirements all over the world increased by a margin of 2.1% in 2017, which was more than double the requirements...

Sciences

Qualitative Research: Data Collection, Analysis, and Management

Qualitative research is one of the techniques used to gather and analyze data. It can be applied both in the scientific field and regarding business (e.g., market research can be performed using a qualitative approach). It can be useful when trying to gain a general understanding of an issue. Corbin...

Sciences

Benefits of Stem Cell Research and Use

Three types of stem cell research classified according to the source of the stem cells: adult stem cells, fetal stem cells and embryonic stem cells Does the end justify the means? This is the question that reigns at the mention of stem cell research. With human beings being faced with...

Sciences

Business Research Methods

The two types of discourse Discourse is a tool to convey the meaning of what a person wants to say. There are two major types of discourse such as exposition and argument (Cooper & Schindler, 2014). Exposition comprises statements that describe events or concepts and does not provide any explanations....

Sciences

Data Analysis and Practical Application

Summary Data analysis can be carried out with the aid of statistical software like SPSS or SAS in computer. Effective data analysis can be achieved by feeding proper information into the computer. It is good to choose the correct data technique for relevance and comprehensiveness if research work. Research analysis...

Sciences

Systems Thinking and Mental Models

Systems thinking for the enterprise: new and emerging perspectives Key Points The key points in this article include addressing the term enterprise. The author says that in the context of the paper, it refers to a unit comprising of interdependent resources. These include people, funding, technology, organizations, and processes. However,...

Sciences

Sunflower Plant, Its Growth and Biomass in the UAE

Background Knowledge The Middle East region has arid and semi-arid climatic conditions that are characterised by water scarcity and high temperatures that result in high evaporation rates (Dubreuil et al., 2013; Voss et al., 2013; Beaumont, Blake & Wagstaff 2016). Additionally, the loose soils and desert winds contribute to air...

Sciences

Data Collection Plan in Research

Work on the study of a particular issue requires compliance with a specific method of collecting and evaluating the received information. One of the most common ways of interpreting data is a mixed method that involves the use of both quantitative and qualitative data by the authors. A special place...

Sciences

Qualitative Method for Research Proposal

The success and validity of any study depend on the choice of the research method. Different research approaches may be used to analyze the results of a study. However, a researcher must select the best research method in order to draw a practical conclusion. This proposal presents and justifies the...

Sciences

Embryonic Stem Cells for Growing Body Parts

Introduction Background Life begins when a single cell develops into tissues, muscles, bones, and organs that give rise to different body parts. Stem cell research promises to be of potential help to people living with body damaging diseases such as cancer, diabetes, heart diseases, and many others. ESC has the...

Sciences

Large-Scale Shift to Organic Farming

Introduction Of the three basic human needs, food is the most vital taking primacy over shelter and clothing. All governments have therefore made it a priority to protect their citizens against hunger and ensure food security. Because of modern advances, there has been a huge population increase combined with lower...

Sciences

Critical Analysis and Evaluation

Introduction To undertake critical analysis and evaluation, the assessment selected two journal articles from the Electronic Reserve readings representing qualitative study and quantitative study. The first journal article by Baxa (2015) is a qualitative study, whereas the second journal article by Han and Finkelstein (2013) is a quantitative study. Critical...

Sciences

Qualitative Research of Manufacturing Processes

Qualitative research is based on collecting opinions and feedback regarding someone’s experience and self-evaluation in a particular field. It helps to identify strengths and weaknesses within a company. Although qualitative research is sometimes perceived as inaccurate due to the lack of mathematical formulas that would assess the level of coincidence,...

Sciences

Organic and Non-Organic Makeup

Makeup is an inseparable element of most girls and women’s toilet. Nowadays, in the era of diversity, there are thousands of manufacturers, which offer numerous options for cosmetics in order to satisfy the particular needs of different consumers. However, it is important to realize that there is a significant difference...

Sciences

Data Analysis Techniques and Statistical Tests’ Worth

What Are the Data Saying? Medical research can be developed in a variety of ways, depending on a researcher, his or her background knowledge, and available resources. As soon as a topic is chosen, and research questions are developed, the establishment of research design and size is required. Statistics are...

Sciences

Liquefied Natural Gas and Its Properties

Natural gas Natural gas provides the primary source of energy in homes and industries due to its availability. Moreover, it is cheap and has high-energy content. Chandra states that natural gas is the “most flexible of all primary fossil fuels because it can be burned directly to generate power and...

Sciences

Descriptive and Inferential Statistics and Measures

Introduction Statistical methods are tools used by the psychological researcher to summarize and draw conclusions about collected and predict data about population. This research paper discusses the difference between the descriptive statistics and the inferential statistics. It has also described the measurement scales and measures of central tendency. The measures...

Sciences

Sourcing Plan for Seismic Survey in Onshore Oil Operation

Executive Summary The paper presents an integrated analysis of the procurement and supply policy of ADCO for seismic acquisition survey. The analysis was conducted by decomposing the procurement policy into five different factors. From the analysis of procurement and supply in the management of expenditure, it is concluded that ADCO...

Sciences

Critical Qualitative Appraisal in Research

Introduction Critical appraisal of qualitative studies determines different aspects that should be observed in carrying out research. It touches on the aims of the research, the appropriateness of the use of qualitative methodology, the research design, the recruitment strategy, and data collection, among other elements as highlighted in this paper....

Sciences

Mixed Research Methods

Introduction The essay is a critical examination of mixed research methods. To attain this, a description of the contexts when mixed methods researches are appropriate during a dissertation process is discussed. The ultimate goal is to justify when it is appropriate to use qualitative and quantitative research approaches. Additionally, the...

Sciences

Natural Selection, Mutations, Gene Flows and Drift

The life of all organisms is explained using the evolution theory, which identifies four forces that are responsible for the survival or extinction of organisms. However, it is important to understand the common terms used in the theory of evolution, among them species and population. Species is the term used...

Sciences

Non-Parametric Procedures in Statistics

Non-parametric procedures Reasons for non-parametric tests There are several reasons why non-parametric tests are preferred to parametric tests. First, the non-parametric tests are used when data does not have clear arithmetical understanding. Thus, these tests are most suitable when assessing ordinal data. The second reason is that non-parametric tests are...

Sciences

Tensile Stress-Strain Diagrams Interpretation

When we refer to the mechanical properties of materials, whatever crosses the mind is the stress-strain curve. Ideally, both shear stress (σ) and strain (ε) testing are inevitable when it comes to material testing. While shear stress testing correlates the elongation force to the cross-sectional area of a material, tensile...

Sciences

Farming, Animal Consumption and Environment

Impacts of meat production on the environment Different agricultural methods are used for meat production in different regions of the world. However, all the available methods have a number of negative environmental effects. The most common and adverse impacts include air pollution, land degeneration, and water pollution (Adler & Lawler,...

Sciences

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus in Physics

Consider a real scenario where the relationship between a car’s velocity and time is given by  , for 0 ≤ t ≤ 5. The following can be defined as follows: Dependent variable: In a function, this is the quantity whose value depends on the value chosen for the independent variable (Spivak,...

Sciences

Technology in the Classroom: Mixed-Method Study

Research Questions in a Mixed Methods Study The peculiar feature of the study under analysis is that its authors make a decision to employ mixed methods to investigate the ways of how teachers use technologies in the classroom, evaluate internal and external barriers, and achieve a better understanding of the...

Sciences

Research Design, Procedures and Steps

Sampling is a significant factor of a scientific approach that determines the validity and reliability of any research. By definition, a sample is a representative group of a population observed to generalize the findings (Ary, Jacobs, Sorencen, & Walker, 2014). The sampling strategy depends on the research design and research...

Sciences

Public Policy Quantitative v Qualitative Research

Introduction Qualitative and quantitative research designs have traditionally dominated public policy research (Morçöl 192). However, they have some specific applications in research because of their differences in style and technique (Islam 23). Based on these differences, researchers have held contradictory opinions regarding their use in public policy studies (Morçöl 192)....

Sciences

Qualitative and Quantitative Researches Methods

Differences between Quantitative and Qualitative Studies Certain differences exist between quantitative and qualitative research methods. Researchers use qualitative methods to collect, interpret, and analyze data. This method is also subjective. A qualitative approach uses various methods to collect data such as in-depth interviews, observations, and focus groups (Christensen, Johnson &...

Sciences

Quantitative Research Design: Adolescents in School

Introduction I will be focusing on the article which studies child trend in school environment and adolescence well-being written by Marin and Brown (Marin and Brown, 2008). The study employed quantitative research methodology where the researcher went out to collect data from the field. This research focuses on a broader...

Sciences

Data Collection Methods and Effectiveness

General definition of the types of research methods The Traditional Academic Research method involves elucidating, foretelling and scheming educational experiences (Mills, 2011). There are two methods of data collection that can be used in Action Reaction Research and they are quantitative and qualitative research methods. Quantitative research involves collecting numerical...

Sciences

Effects of Membrane Thickness on Pervaporation

Abstract The purpose of this analysis and comparison is to determine effects of membrane thickness on pervaporation. It involves a review of five articles about membrane thickness effects on pervaporation. The study established that results were consistent across all the articles, although researchers used materials from different companies and subjected...

Sciences

South Korea: Culture, Government and Development

Introduction The purpose of this paper is to present a country analysis that focuses on the suitability of South Korea as an export destination for goods produced in Saudi Arabia. The analysis will highlight the various macro-environmental factors that are likely to affect imports in South Korea. These include the...

Sciences

The Membrane Thickness Effect on the Pervaporation: Analysis

Introduction Membrane technology has developed over the years to include several processes, which are commercially viable (Baker, 2004). The pervaporation is a process of separating liquid mixtures. It involves contacts of “a feed liquid mixture with one side of a membrane while permeate is separated as vapour from the other...

Sciences

Is Genetic Engineering the Answer to Ending Global Hunger?

Introduction Food is a basic need for all human beings and all governments endeavor to acquire enough food to feed their citizens. As the world population rises, countries have been forced to increase their food production capacities in order to ensure food security. While developed nations have managed to achieve...

Sciences

Palestine: Lawful Status and Statehood

Palestine has been grappling with the challenge of gaining considerable acceptance since World War 1. Although some nations assert that Palestine is autonomous and should be given the essential acceptance, some are indisposed and fail to recognize that position. For example, “both the US and Israel do not recognize the...

Sciences

Economic and Social Development of the UAE

The economy and the demographics of the United Arab Emirates The United Arab Emirates came into existence in the year 1971. In the same year, it joined the league of Arab states and the United Nations. Since then, it has joined various organizations, which include the Gulf Cooperation Council, and...

Sciences

The Economics of Corn Production in the US

Introduction Corn, the most widely cultivated crop for animal and human food in the US, is also one of the most important crops that are providing hope in finding alternative sources of energy. Statistics indicate that the crop occupies more than 80 million acres in the US every year, making...

Sciences

Alternative Energy Sources vs Fossil Fuels

Introduction In recent years, an increasing number of countries have been relying on advances in technology to develop alternative energy sources with the view to reducing dependence on fossil fuels. The drive to develop alternative energy sources has been ignited by the high prices of oil and natural gas (Douglass,...

Sciences

Environment: Greenhouse Gases and Hydrological Cycles

Greenhouse gases emissions are a variety of gaseous compounds that are air pollutants, which include, but not limited to, carbon dioxide and chlorofluorocarbons. These gases act as a “lid” trapping energy from the sun and, preventing the heat from going back out into space so that the earth can cool....

Sciences

The Environment Pollution in US

The environment is becoming extremely polluted through the burning of naturally occurring problem. The air pollution is already a problem in many countries, and the US is not an exception. A nation has developed many strategies to help reduce toxic air emissions, and one of them is to promote and...

Sciences

Environment: Global Warming and Rapidly Rising Sea Levels

Global sea level rise has centrally featured in most debates in recent times, although it is not entirely a new phenomenon. The water level has been rising over the years, but marked changes were witnessed in the twentieth century. “The increase in the sea level in the twentieth century alone...

Sciences

Organic Food

Introduction Demand for organic food has increased in the last few years. However, very few people fully comprehend what organic food is. Many households have embraced organic food, leading to increased demand. According to Organic Monitor (2010), demand increased before the GFC in 2009. This paper will discuss organic food...

Sciences

Energy, Technology and Climate Change

Is innovation key to economic progress? I agree that innovation towards alternative energy is a key to economic progress since it would enhance technical performance and demarcation of a product or service while improving technological cost-competitiveness. While sustaining the economy for the long term, innovation would not deplete natural resources...

Sciences