🧪 Essays on Sciences

One of the hardest things about science is writing papers on the latest discoveries. It seems like every time you sit down to start an academic essay, there’s some new development that renders your previous work obsolete. Even if you manage to stay ahead of the curve, writing a good science paper can be daunting.

One way to reduce the stress of writing a science paper is to use an essay example as a starting point. This can help you understand what other scholars in your field are writing about and how they approach similar tasks. Of course, you’ll still need to do your own research and develop your own original insights, but having a sample essay as starting point can make the writing process much more manageable.

Thus, if you’re feeling overwhelmed by your upcoming science paper, don’t despair. Check out some of our essay examples and get started on a discovery of your own.

Sciences

Research Questions vs. Interview Questions

Key Concepts Research Question A research question is a tool that allows formulating the objectives of the upcoming research work and determines the focus of the methodology, for instance, qualitative or quantitative. According to Fandino (2019), a good research question is the outcome of properly aligned objectives that, combined with...

Sciences

Comparative Approach to “What Makes Democracy”

Introduction The comparative approach to study of politics and government takes on a systematic study and comparison of diverse political systems. Rather than focusing on a particular object of study, comparative politics focuses the inquiry on the method, asking the deeper ‘why’ questions. This allows for a greater comprehension not...

Sciences

Selecting Research Methodology

The criterion The description of methods The definitions of methods of collecting data in sociology Questionnairesare a method of collecting social information about the object under study through direct or indirect communication between the sociologist and the interviewee by recording the respondent’s answers to questions posed by the sociologist. Interviewsare...

Sciences

Aircraft Cyberattacks: Pearson Correlation Analysis

Introduction There is a need to understand how the aviation industry can prevent frequent aircraft cyberattacks by offering training to pilots and crew. A deeper analysis has been conducted on the sample collected from 150 different training centers across Triple E, Colorado. The analysis was performed later using the Pearson...

Sciences

Comparing Qualitative and Quantitative Research Designs

Both the qualitative and quantitative research designs have similar rigor, with the argument that each has unique approaches to approaching a study question. In contrast to quantitative exploration, which is receptive to data and utilizes a literary technique to conform to a school of thought using sample size, the qualitative...

Sciences

Descriptive Statistics on Aviation Security Threats

Introduction Aircraft cybersecurity threats have been an increasing area of interest to aviation due to advancements in technology that complicate the operations and delivery of services in the aeronautics industry. With improvement in the operations systems from both in the ground and airline operations, there is increased interconnectivity between various...

Sciences

The Nervous System and the Human Brain

Nervous System The nervous system is one of the most important systems of the human body, and its study is a process that requires a comprehensive analysis of its functions. This system consists of the CNS and PNS, which, in turn, consist of the brain and spinal cord, as well...

Sciences

Selecting Methods and Conducting Research

Introduction Social studies have been increasing in complexity as the number of investigating variables and their aspects expand. Yet, the main objective of any research, which is to provide a validating and unbiased perspective on the matter, remains permanent. In this regard, it is essential to reflect on the study...

Sciences

Five Qualitative Approaches to the Inquiry

There are five qualitative approaches to the inquiry which may be used in the research, depending on its peculiarity, purpose and research questions that are aimed to be answered. Narrative research, phenomenological research, grounded theory research, ethnographic research, and case study research are the approaches to qualitative research which exist...

Sciences

Genetics Knowledge and Its Role in Medicine

Nurses have been playing an integral role in ensuring patients’ welfare. One way they use to achieve better healthcare is through alerting individuals at risk of given diseases through the incorporation of genetic information. There are several implications of genetic and genomic in drug abuse. Genomic technologies can be used...

Sciences

Oxidation Reaction: The Primary Salt Effect

The central purpose of this experiment is to study the primary salt effect in the oxidation reaction of iodide ions to iodine during sodium thiosulfate titration. Reference to Procedure All steps of the procedure of this experiment were performed according to the theoretical guidelines given by Amdur & Hammes (1966),...

Sciences

Chemical Equilibrium in Solution

Introduction The dispersion of molecules of iodine 12 between immiscible liquids solvents, water, or carbon tetrachloride was used to estimate the molarity of the 12 substances involved at balance in the aqueous solution. The lack of information regarding activity coefficients for any complexes present complicates the investigation. Early scientists recognized...

Sciences

Mixed Method Research Study: Strategies in Everyday Personal Goals

Mixed research method refers to the emerging of research that advances in qualitative and quantitative data within a single program of inquiry. The main goal of mixed method research is to expand and reinforce a study’s conclusion that contributes to the published literature. Qualitative and quantitative research correspond to each...

Sciences

Research Methods Critical Analysis

Introduction Research is an important part of the development of science in the modern world. The quality of any study is largely determined by the methods that are used in it. Both suitable methods can be selected, which can help to reveal the research question, and unsuitable ones, which limit...

Sciences

Comparison of Rome and the US

The article of Ibeji (2011) compares two great republics – the Roman Empire and the United States of America. The main idea proclaimed by Ibeji (2011) is that both Rome and the US unintentionally became global superpowers and even hegemons. The primary means to achieving a superior position in the...

Sciences

Quantitative and Qualitative Research and Its Aims

Quantitative research is concerned with the calculation of observation results. Quantitative data is any data presented in a numerical format, such as statistics, percentages, etc. Causal-comparative research is done primarily to explain and better understand the causal processes involved in creating an event, feature, or relationship, usually by bringing together...

Sciences

Quantitative Research and Its Four Designs

The quantitative research approach focuses on quantifiable data, such as numbers and figures, in both collection and analysis (Aspers & Corte, 2019). It is scientific in nature, with the use of statistical data reducing the time and efforts researchers need to describe the results (Eyisi, 2016). The types of quantitative...

Sciences

Quantitative Methods and Analysis

Quantitative Measures Quantitative research methods highlight objective measures, numerical and mathematical analysis of information. Data is gathered through surveys, questionnaires, polls, or manipulation of pre-existing records using computational techniques (Brancati 2018). Therefore, the main focus is collecting numerical data and simplifying it for people (Brancati 2018). Also, it aims at...

Sciences

Striate Cortical Damage in Monkeys and Humans

Background Visual cortex damage or lesions may often lead to blindness which, in many patients’ cases, is impossible to treat. After the cortex damage, another specific peculiarity of the human occipital lobe occurs (Bagins et al., 2019). The patients may locate visual stimuli being unaware of position, shape, color, and...

Sciences

China’s History, Economy, Culture and Political System

History China was one of the earliest civilized nations in the world and the source of world major inventions like gunpowder, paper, printing and compass. It is the nation with the world’s longest system of writing and the most widely spoken language in the world, Chinese. It is against this...

Sciences

Nuclear Share of Electricity Generation

Different opinions surrounded the topic of nuclear power usage for the last 50 years. While some people strongly suggest that nuclear power is dangerous, other people state that nuclear power is far more progressive and cleaner than coal and oil sourced energy. This paper will uncover the basic physical principles...

Sciences

The Nuclear Accident at Three Mile Islands

The ability to produce power by influencing atoms, either by breaking them apart or fusing them, is nuclear power. By dividing its atoms, a material such as uranium may be utilized to generate heat and even electricity. Usually, power plants need the energy to produce electricity, while nuclear reactors do...

Sciences

Hospital Errors and Infections: Research Methods

Method To conduct a successful and valid research, it is important to determine the methods one is going to use during it. There are various methods in healthcare researches that are used; they are all based on research paradigms also known as qualitative and quantities methods. Depending on the type...

Sciences

Genetic Cloning: Advantages and Disadvantages

Abstract Cloning is the process of creating a copy of particular organisms, including genes, tissues, and cells. There are three types of cloning, which are gene, reproductive and therapeutic ones. Although its beneficial effect is undeniable, for instance, providing an opportunity to have children for ones, who have specific illnesses,...

Sciences

Importance of the Consent Principle in Ethical Research

The fourth principle of the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights is consent, which refers to the pre-emptive acceptance of the human subject to participate in an ethical study. It is established to protect the decision of the human subjects during any research. Ethical research involves active interaction with...

Sciences

Aspects of Tay–Sachs Disease

Currently, medical experts are aware of numerous genetic diseases, diverse in the severity of their course, consequences, and the effect on the organs. In this regard, Tay–Sachs disease is one of the most complicated and simultaneously rarest disorders, which still cannot be entirely treated by any available means. The objective...

Sciences

Business Statistics. Regression Models for Forecasting

Scatter diagram A scatter diagram is a diagram that plots two related variables. The explanatory variable is on the x – axis while the explained variable is on the y – axis. In this case, the price of houses is plotted on the y – axis while the area of...

Sciences

Loving Organic Foods: Case Report

Background Information The present report was commissioned by the chief analyst of the Diligent Consulting Group as a fulfillment of the request of Loving Organic Foods company. The request was to explore the factors that may motivate the customers to increase their spending on organic foods. Linear regression analysis revealed...

Sciences

Comparing Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods of Study

The Rationale for Choosing the Methods Considered The rationale for choosing each of the three main types of methods for a study (quantitative, qualitative, mixed) as given in the video “Musings: Aligning Research Question and Methodology” (n.d.) is summarized below. Quantitative Methods If enough research on the topic already exists,...

Sciences

Narrative Inquiry as a Research Design

In order to perform research with a high degree of reliability and validity, scholars need to obtain data from primary sources, be it results of experiments or personal opinions collected from respondents. In qualitative research, information is gathered through various kinds of observation. Scholars prepare surveys, ask for people’s views,...

Sciences

Light Propagation Through Stratified Medium

Background: Visible Light and the Electromagnetic Spectrum Electromagnetic radiation is one of the many ways through which energy travels through space. The complete range of electromagnetic radiation is represented by the electromagnetic spectrum. Visible light is part of the electromagnetic spectrum and has a medium wavelength compared to the spectrum’s...

Sciences

The Urinary System and Cardiovascular System in the Human Body

The most common and important organ system present in the human body is the respiratory, circulatory, endocrine, digestive, reproductive, integumentary and nervous systems (Tortora and Derrickson, 2018). All these systems have specific functions, but they cannot independently function as they rely on one another to work properly. Each system is...

Sciences

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Human body Organs The human body functions through a network of connections of the organ systems. Each organ system is structured to serve a specific purpose that enables the body to maintain homeostasis (Tortora and Derrickson, 2017, p. 19). The body system functions like a computer connection, whereby if there...

Sciences

The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Test

The analysis of variance (ANOVA) test is an important statistical test for identifying change which is statistically significant in data groups. It is also helpful in identifying similarity in data groups whose significance is not statistically significant. Two-way ANOVA is important in comparing the means between data groups as they...

Sciences

Significance of Business Research in Facilitating Business Success

Introduction The concept of business research is very dynamic and congruent in any business environment. The aspect of business research involves strategic inquiry into a phenomenon in order to establish the reality or evidence that might have catalyzed the situation. In the contemporary business environment, the aspect of business research...

Sciences

Flipped Learning in Chemistry Education

Introduction The introduction of computers and the internet has had enormous changes in many aspects of life including the education systems of the world (Engin & Donanci 2016; Foldnes 2016). Through improved technology, many elements of the education and learning systems have developed to allow for improved delivery of knowledge...

Sciences

Astronomy: The Jovian Moon Europa

Introduction Ten years from now the National Aeronautics Space Administration of the United States of America popularly known as NASA is planning to send an orbiter to the Jovian Moon Europa (Silber, p.1). NASA is coordinating an international fleet of probes to once again invade the environs of Jupiter and...

Sciences

Retaining Walls: Advantages and Disadvantages

Introduction Retaining walls are special types of soil used to support the earth and avoid thoil from moving downwards. The idea is to even out slopes and make available constructive areas at diverse elevations. Therefore, a retaining wall is a construction or a structure designed and built to resist the...

Sciences

Analysis of Piles and Pile Cap Foundation

Introduction In pile foundations, pile cap families are used; the pile cap families are shipped with the Revit structure. Pile foundation may be simply considered as a structure supported by piles. Pile foundation is applicable in environments where the circumstances of the soil are not good. Pile foundation provides for...

Sciences

Raft Foundation: Advantages, Disadvantages and Types

Introduction Foundations are used with soils that have a low bearing density; despite this the soil should be firm enough to support high columns and wall loads. Foundation can be supported by piles and these piles aid in minimizing the structured settlement which is built on a soil that is...

Sciences

Qualitative and Mixed Methods: Research Method and Research Design

Various research methods are used for different purposes in order to reach the research goal. There are three main types of such methods: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods research. Incompatibility thesis implies that solely one of the two research methods should be used (either qualitative or quantitative). Nevertheless, a creative...

Sciences

Inhibition of Gas Hydrate Formation During Multiphase Hydrocarbon Transportation

Abstract The transportation of oil and gas from offshore fields provides a significant challenge to the oil and gas industry because of the problems associated with the formation of gas hydrates within the piping system used to transport the fluids. Here, gas hydrates are crystalline solids that form when a...

Sciences

Earthquake Engineering Considerations and Methods

Abstract Historically, earthquakes have caused immense human and property loss. Besides the valuable human lives lost, earthquakes have caused monetary losses rising to billions of dollars. In the wake of these disasters, engineers have tried to design and construct earthquake-resistant buildings. These buildings adopt new technologies and processes in detecting...

Sciences

Substitution Reactions of Alcohols

Objective of the Experiment The primary objective of carrying out this experiment is to examine how alcohols undergo substitution reactions. In particular, the experiment uses 1-butanol to examine the formation of 1-bromobutane through a nucleophilic substitution reaction. The following equation provides a summary of the nucleophilic substitution reaction involving 1-Butanol...

Sciences

Bacterial Diseases and Quorum Sensing

Abstract The bacteria require communication among themselves in order to survive and to establish communities. This is especially so in the case of biofilm formation, which is one of the most resistant mechanisms of bacterial survival. Bacteria have been using these biofilms in the production of various toxins and in...

Sciences

The Role of Quorum Sensing in Bacterial Disease

There is increasing evidence that bacteria can “talk” to each other, and in gram-negative bacteria, the “language” used for monitoring and responding to their own abundance has recently been termed quorum sensing. ( Fuqua, 269-75) In at least one human pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, this apparently universal gram-negative “language” seems to...

Sciences

Dallal’s “Introduction to Simple Linear Regression”

Abstract The use of linear regression is to predict a trend in data or predict the value of a variable (dependent) from the value of another variable (independent), by fitting a straight line through the data. Dallal (2000), examined how significant the linear regression equation is, how to use it...

Sciences

Lancelet: Phylogeny, Environment, Adaptations, and Selective Pressures

Lancelets are fish-like organisms from the chordate family. They belong to the genus Branchiostoma and their scientific name is Branchiostoma lanceolatum. A lancelet’s most prominent feature is its notochord, an evolutionary trait that is synonymous with the chordates. Although lancelets resemble fish, they belong to the category of invertebrates. A...

Sciences

Wolverine Frog: Phylogeny, Environment, Adaptation, and Selection Pressures

The hairy frog is a species of frogs associated with the Central African region. It belongs to the Arthroleptidae family, the genus Trichobatrachus, and is scientifically referred to as Trichobatrachus robustus (Wells 53). Its name originated from the presence of hair-like structures that appear on the body and thighs of...

Sciences

Researching Sickle-Cell Disease

Abstract Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited genetic disorder that arises from a single nucleotide polymorphism in the beta-globin gene. The resultant change of amino acid in the globin part affects the stability of the protein, which leads to the polymerization of two beta-globin chains of adjacent molecules. The...

Sciences

Ovary Illness: Medical Analysis

Ovary is highly dynamic organ with constantly changing environment.The ovary is an organ that is constantly subjected to change. Periodic and regular formation and development of fFollicles contribute to production of a large number of somatic and gametic cellsstart to grow at all times and as they develop they produce...

Sciences

Electromagnetic Compatibility Measurement Near Field

Near and far-fields, EMC, and the low-frequency power supply In any radiation source, whether it is an antenna, some sort of circuitry, or a low-frequency power supply, there is a “near” and a “far” field. Considering the case of a low-frequency power supply and electromagnetic compatibility measurement (EMC,) the dominating...

Sciences

The Concept of Pharmacogenetic Testing

Pharmacogenetics is a field of study that entails examining the impact of genes on the body’s response to specific medications. This field is also referred to as pharmacogenomics. Genes are made up of DNA sequences that hold information about unique physical traits. However, they also influence the safety and efficacy...

Sciences

Genetically Modified Food Overview

Introduction This refers to food that is created from organisms whose genes have been modified. Genetically modified Food has its DNA structure changed. DNA is the blueprint of every living organism and by altering it, the characteristics or qualities of plants are changed (Windley, 2008). Discussion The purpose of human-made...

Sciences

Motivational Actions That Stimulate People to Become Novice Entrepreneurs

Summary The focus of this chapter is on research design. The study addresses the disparity in knowledge surrounding motivationally stimulated experiences or incidents that happen to trigger an available worker (AW) to become a novice entrepreneur (NE). It also focuses on how published work on the characteristics of the available...

Sciences

Oil-Water-Gas Flows: An Experimental System

Introduction The fundamental nature of the flow of oil, gas, and water in a three-phase stage characterizes the transportation of petroleum mostly from offshore hydrocarbon production and transportation points to onshore storage. In the production stages, water plays a significant role in the regulation of pressure. Pressure changes are critical...

Sciences

Yield Management From Saudi Arabia Hotels

Introduction Implementation of research results relies fundamentally on the conclusions we mitigate from the results. Quality and accurate findings undergo criticism to evaluate between the conclusions that we make. These conclusions assist humanity to develop and establish incredible strategies of performing to prosper in their day-to-day life situations. It is...

Sciences

Central Nervous System’s Structure and Functions

According to Cecie, the central nervous system’s function is to transmit information within the body. It is also important for response and coordination of body movements. Beverly reported that the central nervous system forms the major part of the nervous system. It comprises the brain and the spinal cord (Cecie,...

Sciences

Stem Cells, Their Biology and Applications

Dear Patrick, I wanted to respond to all your queries on stem cells through this letter. First, you need to know what stem cells are. They are unspecialized cells that can differentiate and self regenerate. To differentiate is to develop into another cell type while self-regeneration refers to the process...

Sciences

Einstein’s Theory of Relativity

Introduction The assumption that all the measurements made on the universe at specific places and time intervals will be similar stood for a long time before the theory of relativity was introduced. Relativity therefore means that measurements will be dependent on the relative motions of the person making the observations...

Sciences

Determining the Sex of the Gallus Gallus

Results Section 1 The figures above represent gel-electrophoresis test results of a test performed from blood, muscle and feather of a Gallus gallus DNA samples. The figures also highlight the exact measurements of DNA concentration using samples from a Nano-drop machine. Notably, the figures illustrate clear differences in the amount...

Sciences

Geographical Information Systems for Urban Management

Introduction Geographic information system (GIS) is a term used to describe a comprehensive system that has been designed to manage, analyze, manipulate, store, capture and present geographical data (Longley 2005, p. 21). GIS entails complex use of database technology, cartography as well as statistical analysis. It is an important tool...

Sciences

Capture of Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

Carbon dioxide refers to a chemical compound that occurs naturally and which is made up of two atoms of oxygen that are covalently bonded to one carbon atom, thus its chemical formula CO2. At standard pressure and temperature, carbon dioxide exists as a gas whose concentration level in the air...

Sciences

Neutrase From Bacillus Amyloliquefacians: The Effect of Storage

Abstract Enzymes retain their activity and stability over a range of temperatures and time. Typically, that is the case with Neutrase, which is obtained from Bacillus Amyloliquefacians. Experimental data showed behavioral changes for Neutrase when subjected to temperature and time parameters. It showed a denaturing effect of temperature and time...

Sciences

Demonstration of the Millikan’s Experiment With a Mass of Pennies

Introduction Nobel laureate, Robert Millikan quantified the unit charge of an electron courtesy of his oil drop experiment in the year 1909. As such, in his experimental setup, he was able to charge minute oil droplets under free fall between charged plates inside a chamber, suspend them courtesy of an...

Sciences

Concern About GM Crops and Animals and Their Health Impact on Human Beings

Data and Facts The cultivation of GM crops has increased exponentially since 1996 when less than three million hectares of crops were GM’ (Grossman 258). In 2008, over 125 million hectares were used to grow biotech crops globally. The United States is the world’s largest cultivator of GM crops with...

Sciences

Stem Cells: Achievements and Ways for Further Research

Abstract Stem cells have given much hope by promising to significantly increase the numbers and range of patients who could gain from transplants and to offer cell replacement remedies to treat unbearable illnesses such-as diabetes, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s ailment. The subject concerning stem cells is politically charged, quickening environmentalists to...

Sciences

Human Genome Project and DNA Technologies

Introduction Human Genome Project was formed by the US section of Energy and other Human Genome Programs. The project began in 1990 and was to last for 15 years but technological improvements led to its early completion in 2003. Its main aim was to distinguish human genetic material by finding...

Sciences

Carboxylic Acids and Esters: Preparation of Methyl Salicylate (Oil of Wintergreen)

Title of the experiment Carboxylic Acids and Esters: Preparation of Methyl Salicylate (Oil of Wintergreen). Objective of the Experiment The objective of the experiment is to synthesize methyl salicylate, which is an ester, from salicylic acid and methanol through the process of esterification. The experiment achieves the objective by reacting...

Sciences

Research Methods in IAQ Overview

Research methods Survey methods are used when one plans on collecting descriptive information. They may be structured, unstructured, direct, or indirect. Researchers can use the survey method, through questionnaires and interviews, to collect data about various variables. One then uses analytical techniques to make inferences between the variables (McBurney &...

Sciences

Genetic Engineering and Modifications

Sciences and in-depth knowledge about human and animal genetics have received extensive attention and reached heights that were not expected. Modifications to the genetic information and the types of outcomes have been surprising but at the same time, met with some displeasement. This sort of engineering has resulted in modified...

Sciences

Separation of the Constituents of an Analgesic Preparation

Objective The objective of this experiment was to separate individual constituents of a given organic sample that had various solubility properties. The chemical process involved extraction of constituent elements because some solutes are highly soluble than others. Drug manufacturers have exploited differences in solubility of individual components in drugs to...

Sciences

A Study of Dugesia, a Planariam With Its Own Peculiar Characteristics

Phylogeny The planarians, like Dugesia, are one of the types of non-parasitic flatworms that have been an object of numerous investigations and studies due to their phylogeny, anatomy, ecology, and even regeneration peculiarities (Ruppert, Fox, Barnes, 2004). About 70 species of Dugesia are already known (aenigma, japonica, notogaea, etc.), and...

Sciences

The Origin and Evolution of Segmentation Hypotheses

The author gives three hypotheses concerning the evolution of segmentation. These hypotheses involve the evolution of segments in three main phyla that include arthropods, annelids, and chordates. Hypothesis 1 states that each phylum acquired its segmentation following an independent process. Hypothesis 2 states that segmentation evolved both in an independent...

Sciences

Research Methods: Analysis of Two Article

Hopkins, M., & Spillane, J. (2014). Schoolhouse teacher educators: Structuring beginning teachers’ opportunities to learn about instruction. Journal of Teacher Education, 65 (4), 327-339. This article starts with two clearly stated research questions, viz. “Who is doing the work of beginning teacher education inside schools and how do these schoolhouse teacher...

Sciences

Overview on Human Body Systems Functions

Cardiovascular system The function of the organ system is to ensure that the body has an effective transport of nutrients, oxygen, hormones, carbon dioxide, blood cells, drug materials, electrolytes, and waste materials from one place to another (Russ, Fagan & Sunthareswaran 2006). The major function is to provide the body...

Sciences

Radiation Spectroscopy With NaI (TI) Scintillators

Introduction The use of thallium-activated sodium iodide as a scintillation material marked the beginning of the contemporary epoch of gamma-ray spectroscopy. The introduction of thallium-activated sodium iodide enabled scientists to detect gamma rays. Today, gamma-ray spectroscopy through scintillators has advanced into an established science. Spectroscopy is applied in varied scientific...

Sciences

The Affect of Invasive Plant Species on Birds

Abstract Invasive plant species have an impact in the diversity of bird species in the ecosystem. The study involved examining the habitat of the bird species in Wattle Park in order to determine the effect of invasive plant species introduced intentionally or unintentionally in the park. Major of the invasive...

Sciences

Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research

Participants Research is an extensive process that entails planning, collection of data, analysis, and drawing conclusions. However, the most important part is identifying the population in which the sample would be drawn from. In this study, participants would be identified in advance through sampling. Those involved in research would be...

Sciences

1d – 2d Flood Modeling Using PCSWMM

Abstract This study was conducted to develop a 2D model from the 1D model. 1D models, which have been used for flood modeling have shown significant weaknesses, which prompted research into 2D modeling of floods. The main weaknesses of the 1D model are that they are unsuitable for urban and...

Sciences

Nuclear Energy: Good or Bad for People

Introduction When people are asked whether nuclear energy is a solution to energy crisis in the new century, they would definitely say no. However, a number of individuals do not understand what nuclear energy entails. Many people are of the view that nuclear energy is always associated with accidents. To...

Sciences

Contemporary Issues Analysis

Jalonick, M. & Neergaard, L 2014, ‘FDA issues new advice on mercury levels in seafood’, Star – Phoenix, 04 June, p. N27. The main idea that is being promoted throughout this article, is that the FDA’s (The U.S. Food and Drug Administration) public stance, in regards to the dangers of consuming...

Sciences

The Distribution of the Drooping Mistletoe Amyema

Summary One major premise of landscape ecology is that the natural environment tends to be heterogeneous i.e., patchy. Consequently, studies have concentrated on the distribution of various trees in various locations. In Australia, researchers have sought to understand the distribution of mistletoes and other trees in large areas of natural...

Sciences

Qualitative Research Study of Smoking among Australian Youths

The article by Rachael Green and David Moore reports a qualitative research study conducted to examine smoking among Australian youths in a particular social network (Green & Moore 2013). The researchers collected ethnographical data among 60 young adults between 2005 and 2007. The study also involved semi-structured interviews using 25...

Sciences

Ethanol as the Primary Biofuel in Many Countries

Introduction The modern world relies on huge amounts of energy to sustain itself. For decades, the energy demands of the world have been met primarily by fossil fuels. However, this major energy source will not be able to meet the energy demands of the world for an indefinite period of...

Sciences

Are Viruses Alive: Viruses, Viroids, and Prions

According to Villarreal in his article “Are Viruses Alive,” notes that biologists have suggest that viruses, viroids, and prions are in a gray area between living and non-living organisms; they portray some characteristics that qualify them to be living organisms; however some of their characteristics hinder their full qualification (Villarreal,...

Sciences

Development of Spatial Decision Support for Cities Sustainability

Importance of analyzing spatial city sustainability factors Research by Banai (2005, p.4) shows that the use of geospatial data provides a wide range of solutions to the problems encountered by governments in different areas of land and environmental mapping. Some of the critical areas where geospatial data is applied include...

Sciences

Lab Report on Thermoelectric Coolers’ designs

Abstract Thermoelectric gadget is an electric gadget that utilizes electric effect that takes place at the junction where is heat is dissipated away leading to a cooling effect. This experiment is aimed at understating the physic behind thermoelectric cooling, determining the temperature of the system by utilizing thermocouples, establishing the...

Sciences

Amine Grafting Into Microporous Material

Introduction In today’s world, advances in science and technology are responsible for the development of new components meant to improve human life. At the center of these developments is the new materials used to make several products used by man. Depending on the desired properties of an object, a given...

Sciences

Genetically Engineered Foods

Introduction With the increasing advancement in technology, scientists are currently introducing genetic material from a certain organism, one which contains the desired traits, to another organism, either of the same species or of a different species. This technology is referred to as genetic engineering or recombinant DNA technology. Though this...

Sciences

Evolution of Dogs

Background The dog (Canis familiaris) is a tame form of the Gray Wolf from which it evolved tens of thousands of years ago. The Gray Wolf is a part of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. It is generally accepted that the dog is man’s oldest friend, a friendship...

Sciences

Data Collection and Analysis of Quantitative Data

The aim of the study was to highlight the existence of the Relative Age Effect at a football club in the United Arab Emirates and also to carry out an analysis providing information on how this effect has evolved in recent years. The data used in this case has been...

Sciences

MANOVA: Reflection and Post-Test

Introduction A researcher is testing new medication designed to improve cholesterol levels. It is important to note that there are two types of cholesterol: low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and high-density lipoproteins (HDL). HDL is also referred to as “good” cholesterol and it is considered to be optimal when its levels are...

Sciences

Education Research Methodology and Statistics

Causal-comparative study This is the method that reveals the casual relationship existing between variables. It relates the subject in question to already available data provided by the management. The approach of this study involves analyzing the effect of the problem and then determining the cause of the problem or of...

Sciences

Embryonic, Adult Stem Cells, and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

Uniqueness of Stem Cells The importance of the exploration of stem cells is difficult to overestimate because this study contributed greatly to the further development of biology in terms of analysis of use and potential benefits of using stem cells for regenerative and other operations. So, the treating of diseases...

Sciences

Galaxy Formation and Evolution

Introduction From the observations and conclusions made from the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB), the era that succeeded the big bang was characterized by homogeneity in the universe that registered variations not exceeding 1 in every 100,000. As it is generally agreed today, the current universe structure was generated as a...

Sciences

Fabrication of Resonant Tunnelling Diodes

Hall Effect Measurements Before the discovery of quantum mechanics only the resistance R and conductance G considered as measurable physical quantities. Quantum mechanics deals with complex electrical transport measurement. i.e. density n and mobility µ. A Hall Effect measurement utilizes two sample geometries: Long and narrow hall bar Van der...

Sciences

Triazines Structure and Synthesis

Introduction A multi-component reaction (MCRs) is a combination of chemistry and molecular biology in solving the emerging issues in the medical industry. The reaction is not only environmental friendly but also cheap thus its frequent application in the manufacture of triazine derivatives. Currently, scientists are applying MCR technique in the...

Sciences

Factors Affecting Resistivity Tools

Background There are varying types of resistivity tool; there designs are functional of the environmental conditions of their place of application (Meyer, 1998). For example, CBG Corporation recently improved upon their resistivity tools designs to revolutionize Geosteerers which are advancement over gamma probes to ensure reliability and ease drilling by...

Sciences

Australian Employment Relations

Introduction The history of labor relations in Australia is very complex. Since the early 1990s, there have been numerous legislations that have impacted differently on labor relations in this country. The work choices reforms act was the dominant legislation in the industrial relations field in 2005 when the Howard government...