Science is an enterprise through which a specific type of ordered knowledge about natural phenomena is acquired through controlled observations and theoretical interpretations. A scientific theory explains the modeling of logical constructs into which the known facts related to a theoretical domain, or phenomenon, may be fitted. Therefore, a theory is the cornerstone and foundation of any science. In essence, the theory provides ideas that stimulate both the research and the practice of science. The generally accepted goals of science are to increase knowledge and facilitate predictions made by the theory. Science, at best, achieves both of these goals set by theory. A scientific theory is usually addressed at the very beginning of an experiment or a study, as it allows to draw hypotheses to be tested empirically. For instance, if a group of scientists attempts to study hormonal changes in an organism subjected to various environmental factors, they would first refer to prior knowledge of the chosen organism or a scientific theory. Based on the theory, they would create hypotheses of what the likely results would be and then see if the findings fit the chosen theory.
Another way scientific theory supports science is by collecting and merging all the empirical scientific knowledge obtained over time. It is true that science is a popular field of study and that new discoveries are made every day. Nevertheless, to approach such a large volume of knowledge and translate it into practice, it is critical to systematize knowledge to construct a scientific theory. For instance, various studies of hormonal changes in specific species can be organized in an appropriate scientific theory. The process also allows rejecting outdated or unconfirmed research findings to ensure that the scientific theory is actual and verified.
Overall, the scientific theory provides a foundation for the practice of science. Firstly, it assists researchers in generating ideas about a certain phenomenon. Secondly, it contributes to research by allowing for the development of hypotheses. Lastly, scientific theory helps to organize knowledge, thus facilitating its application in practice.