Value in Science According to Eisner and Bigge

Subject: Sciences
Pages: 2
Words: 304
Reading time:
< 1 min

Every academic discipline or activity is usually characterized by its own philosophy based on certain guiding principles and instructions. Truths and values turn out to be critical educational practices or, as defined by Bigger, instruments with the help of which researchers can test their experience and create specific frameworks. Compared to the truth introduced as objective knowledge, a value is a subjective type of knowledge derived from human experiences. Educational values are defined as philosophical subjects that have to stay abstract and universal to work effectively. Values are used to support the autonomy of researchers, and truths are the facts that promote determinism. Any value is a successful combination of human likings that must be judgmentally approved, enjoyments, and desires. However, it is necessary to admit that values are never ultimate. They are created by a researcher and depend on the world around them and human preservations and abilities. Though not all values are acceptable, they cannot be ignored in research.

Regarding such characteristics, it is essential to discuss the impact values may have on scientific objectivity. Eisner explains objectivity as an activity in terms of which it is possible to view things the way they are and stay fair and open to all arguments and achievements. I believe that objectivity helps to develop explicit judgments and take into consideration all obtain knowledge and information. Still, people, who think that objective truths and subjective values cannot co-exist, make a mistake. In my opinion, this combination is an obligatory attribute of research activities to avoid diminishing objectivity because of the existing personal values and attitudes to the world around. People may be aware of many things and do not understand the development of some actions. Facts establish clear frames and limitations in terms of which objectivity is achieved.