The PICO(T) question to guide the search is the following one: Will the provision of educational strategies help reduce the number of road-accident-related traumas among children within a year by 30%? The research related to the topic of bicycle safety, the role of helmet use, and the associated educational strategies is extensive. According to the researchers, those young cyclists who do not use a helmet are at risk of head and facial injuries, but they do not use a helmet because of non-recognizing its role in preventing road-accident-related traumas. As a result, educational programs are necessary to promote the principles of cycling safety among children. The article that directly discusses the topic of interest is “Teaching Children about Bicycle Safety: An Evaluation of the New Jersey Bike School Program” by Lachapelle, Noland, and Von Hagen.
The descriptive statistics demonstrate differences in the gender and age of children participating in the survey regarding their bicycling behavior and the use of a helmet. There was almost an equal number of female and male children who participated in the school program and the summer camps program. The highest number of students was 10 years old (about 35%). The descriptive data also demonstrated that more than 80% of children from the school program had a helmet in comparison to 36% of children from the summer camp. Still, the data regarding minorities, differences in races, and educational differences are not presented. The available data can indicate that more students from the school program have knowledge regarding bicycling safety.