The Golden Age was a period of significant growth in Ancient Greece. During this period, great achievements were accomplished in the spheres of philosophy, culture, architecture, politics, and others. The Golden Age of Greece laid the foundation for further development of European civilization.
This period was significant for both Ancient Greece and the world as a whole because of numerous accomplishments mentioned below.
To understand what led to the Golden Age of Greece, the country’s historical context must be considered. This period of rapid development started in 478 BC when the Greeks managed to defeat the Persian army. With their enemy gone, Sparta and Athens, the most famous city-states of that time, focused their attention on improving internal affairs, which contributed to numerous positive outcomes.
Even though this period only lasted between the 5th and 4th century BC, the Greeks managed to benefit from it substantially. When one discusses the Golden Age of Greece, democracy must be mentioned because it changed significantly in that period. Pericles, an Athenian ruler, advanced this field when he made it possible for the poor to occupy public positions. Pericles made politics accessible for everyone, and in turn the Greek government started working more efficiently because they included representatives of all social classes.
Drama was another essential achievement of that time. Both playwrights and their audiences appreciated theater since it was a new way for them to express their attitudes toward the world. Among many dramatists of that time, Sophocles and Euripides deserve the most significant attention because their works are included in the list of the best plays in world history.
In addition, philosophy during the Golden Age of Greece witnessed important development. Since the social, economic, and political spheres were at adequate levels, prominent thinkers tried to understand complex ideas, such as how the universe works and what the purpose of life is.
During that period, the Greeks also managed to create some concrete advancements, in addition to the achievements above that relate more to abstract immaterial phenomena. Economic development contributed to the rise of sculpture and architecture. The Golden Age of Greece is famous due to numerous statues and busts created during this period. Phidias was one of the best sculptors of that time, seen by his marble statues of Athena and Zeus. Even though the Greeks did not create many new buildings during that age, they actively participated in refining the existing structures.
In conclusion, it is impossible to overestimate the meaning of the Golden Age for Greece and the whole world. This period resulted in achievements that were significant for Ancient Greeks and their development. Essential improvements in the spheres of politics, architecture, and philosophy explain why the Golden Age of Greece was so important.
One can also emphasize the role of this period because people of that time created ideas and material objects that are present even now. In addition to temples and statues, the school of thought of the Greek Golden Age generated philosophical concepts that help modern people understand the universe. This information demonstrates that a single century can be sufficient to influence world history significantly.