Justifying US Atomic Bombing of Japan in 1945

Introduction

The Second World War began in 1939 September when France and Britain declared war against Germany after Germany invaded Poland; resentments from the First World War, unresolved issues, and nationalistic issues are the main causes of the Second World War.

Background

In 1937, Germany and other states including the Soviet Union and U.S supported China economically in fighting Japan. This war led to Germany being divided into four quadrants one controlled by the U.S, another by the Soviet Union then France and the Great Britain. The war had other effects like massive casualties, loss of homes and property hence many refugees, the collapse of the European economy among others.

There was need therefore for some measures to be taken so as to bring this war to an end; to end this war the U.S dropped atomic bombs in the city of Hiroshima (which was an Army base although the whole of Japan had now become an army base) and Nagasaki city, Japan on the 6th of August 1945. This paper discusses how the U.S under President Truman was justified in dropping the atomic bombs (Morton 493).

Justification

There are many negative impacts of the U.S using atomic bombings as a measure to end the world war II but compared to not adopting the measure, it was the better option taken because in the bombing of the two cities, lesser lives were lost compared to the number of lives that would have been lost if they had opted to invade Japan.

The Japanese citizens were being trained to fight so (literally) the American army would have had to fight every Japanese resident in an invasion that would lead to many American army deaths; more than five hundred thousand were likely to die in an invasion compared to the bombings that caused deaths of between 110,000 to 210,000 (Anon 1). There is a counter argument that the Japanese were about to surrender (and would have without the bombings) though that would definitely have taken long and it is obvious they would have conditions for their surrender which would have cost the U.S millions of dollars without any gain. Daikichi Irokawa, a historian said after the war more than 10 million people would starve to death, but this situation was reversed by the U.S bombings that ended the war quickly and up to 1945; this therefore saved many Japanese citizens from hunger and starvation.

During the war, about 200,000 Japanese died every month and that would have continued to be the case for a while but the U.S bombing took away lesser Japanese lives than the war would have and also ended the war quickly therefore opening up Japan’s imports which saved the citizens from a threat of hunger. It should be noted that many prior warnings had been sent to Japan to surrender which they never heeded to, considering this the U.S had no option but to force Japan into surrender (Anon 3).

Conclusion

The famous World War 2 came to an end in 1945 after the U.S forced Japan to surrender by dropping two atomic bombs that led to deaths of more than one hundred thousand Japanese. This was however the only way to force Japan to surrender and save its citizens the daily deaths in war which totaled to about two hundred thousand deaths a month.

Works Cited

Anonymous. “The justification of bombing Japan in WWII.” Socyberty, 2007. Web.

Morton, Louis. The decision to use atomic Bomb. Bobs-Merrill, 1957.