Language policy is a tool adopted by governments to protect their social, cultural, and economic values of a state as language policies defend the country’s official language threatened by other languages. Language bilingualism is the establishment of two languages to act as communication tools and to facilitate a communication platform.
Definition of Language Policy
Language policy refers to the facilitation of governing policies designed by a country to ensure the use of a common language amongst its citizens. The main purpose of a language policy is to help governments establish a communication tool that joins citizens to a common and cohesive goal. There are many languages used in the world today and all these languages are essential in the communication practices of various people but adopting a common ground for communication enhances effective communication. Language policies help to moderate and protect the cultural, economic, and social values of various groups. Learning different languages, however, gives individuals an added advantage to globalization, international trade, and globalization.
Language Policy and Goals
Language policy consists of different goals, which include establishing a cohesive and industrious country, establishing barriers of language erosion, acknowledging diversity in languages, and protecting the cultural, social, and economic values of a state. The language policies act as fundamental tools in the establishment of barriers of language erosion from external involvement, international trade, and globalization.
Reasons for Language Policies
There are numerous reasons behind the establishment of language policies that depend on the diversity of language and population using the language. Establishing a language policy is based on the importance of language in the facilitation of communication and learning processes of a state. Language policies are also influenced by the availability of international trade, globalization, and international relations as states are prompted to provide a room for communication that enhances growth and development.
Challenges and Solutions for Language Policy
Challenges faced by governments in the implementation of language policies include the enactment of language policies as native speakers adopt international language instead of embracing their relative language, nepotism, corruption, and bureaucracy. The solutions implementing language policies include following the right channels of facilitation, formulating clear and concise long term memories, and acknowledging the diversity of languages.
Arabization and Language Policy
Arabization is the art of non-Arabs embracing the cultural values, learning Arabic, and embracement of the Arab identity. Arabization developed as a result of the establishment of the Arab culture and language to oppose the Arab Christians, who, being natives of the land, were conquered by Arab Muslims in the seventh century. The availability of numerous job opportunities and economic benefits in Arab countries has attracted many people leading to the recognition of the Arabic language over the past decades.
Due to the foreigners in the Arab countries, the governments of these states have to implement language policies to enhance communication, learning, and teaching practices within their borders. Language policies have benefited the Arab countries as they also learn foreign languages that enhance communication between them and other citizens from around the world.
The policy of Bilingual Education
Language bilingualism is a current practice conducted by various states in the establishment of two languages to act as communicating tools. The two languages are established as a national policy to facilitate a communication platform among different people from various cultural backgrounds. Language policies have been used by different countries over time in the establishment of a communicating tool that would join the citizens to a common and cohesive goal as emphasized by politicians, writers, leaders, artists, and linguists, who believe that preservation and protection of linguistic are important.
The benefits of bilingualism and the implementation of language policies outweigh the challenges. The government should enact long term policies free from corruption, nepotism, and bureaucracy to represent the most commonly used language to act as a communicating tool.