- The paper aims to answer the question about the aspects of cross-cultural encounters in Paris as well as about the origins of the modern intercultural interactions that are observed in the city as a result of the racial and cultural diversity.
- Thesis: The modern Parisian culture includes different interdependent cultural groups that interact and influence each other significantly, leading to creating the unique Parisian culture known as the blending of the European and Islamic cultures.
The development of the Parisian culture during the period of 1990s-2010s
- During the period of 1990s-2000s, the interactions of the Algerians, Moroccans, the people with the Vietnamese and Caribbean origins, and other Muslims developed according to the patterns typical for the era of post-colonialism in France.
- The situation changed in 2000s-2010s, when the impact of the European nations on the French culture increased significantly, and the conflict in the cross-cultural interactions intensified because of being based on the cultural, religious, and political misconceptions.
Concepts to Discuss Cross-Cultural Interactions in Paris
The aspects of cultural hybridization in Paris
- Paris can be discussed as the city that is open to the active cultural hybridization in terms of traditions, values, customs, cuisine, language, and art.
- The majority of the Parisian residents note that they have the hybrid identity because of their family backgrounds, and this aspect makes their social interactions easier.
- The blended cultures resulted in developing the tolerant attitudes in the Parisians to different races and ethnicities, but there are still conflicts among the citizens of Paris that are based on the religious background because of the problems of non-conformity and ‘otherness’.
- It is typical for the Parisians to demonstrate the interest to cultures of different origins and to individual differences because the culture of Paris was never truly homogenous.
Stereotyping in the Parisian culture
- In the Parisian culture, the problem of stereotyping is a consequence of increased migration rates, and it results in the prejudiced attitude toward the representatives of the Islamic religious groups and other migrants from the African region.
- However, the Parisians are inclined to develop the strong movements against stereotyping and racism in the society, and they actively support the idea of equality in the social environments of Paris in order to fight social injustice in relation to cross-cultural interactions.
The role of politics to influence cross-cultural and intercultural encounters
- The religious and racial conflicts within the Parisian culture are the results of prolonged interrelationships developed between the Muslims and Europeans, and they are also the result of colonialism and specific politics selected by the French government.
- The period of 2000s-2010s is characterized by the significant levels of migration and tourism between the European countries that resulted in changing the cultural patterns observed in Paris because of connections in the sphere of education, business, and art.
- The exchange of knowledge between nations that is promoted by the politics of the European Union led to changing the attitudes of the Parisians to migrants in spite of the fact that their numbers increase annually, and this tendency makes Paris the culturally diverse city.
The Parisian culture can be discussed as the representation of the cultural network that is closely associated with the development of the globalization tendencies.