Adolescent Physical Inactivity and Socioeconomic Factors

Introduction

The article under analysis is called The Relationship Between Neighborhood Socioeconomic Characteristics and Physical Inactivity Among Adolescents Living in Boston, Massachusetts. Having the main aim to determine the influence of different social conditions on the level of activity among adolescents, the authors of the article use different statistical methods to collect the data, which will be useful for this research. Having managed to interrogate 1364 adolescents living in Boston, the authors use this data to supply the research with reliable information. Discussing the results of the work, the authors analyze the main aspects of the survey. They underline the sex composition of the tested group, stating that the majority of participants were female (Pabayo, Molnar, Cardock & Kawachi, 2014). Moreover, they emphasize the ethnic composition and nationality of respondents.

Main Body

Additionally, the researchers show the participants description of their districts, underlining that 12.5% perceived their neighborhood to be unsafe, 45.5% to be sometimes safe, and 42.1% to be always safe (Pabayo et al., 2014). This fact is important for the research as the main hypothesis is that unsafe environment promotes lower activity. In the results section, the authors also describe the level of physical activity of adolescents determined by their own stories. The authors want to compare these showings with the results obtained in the course of research. Having analyzed different factors and evidence, the authors come to the conclusion that adolescents, who live in unfortunate neighborhoods, are less likely to participate in physical activity. Moreover, the authors not just state this fact, they also supply this work with a great number of different data, presented in the form of tables. They are made in a very understandable way for a reader to be able to obtain all information he/she needs without looking for it in the body of the work. Table 1 presents the data about participants of the research. Their gender, race and nationality are outlined. Moreover, they are subdivided into several groups according to their age, character of the neighborhood in which they live and level of physical activity. The authors analysis of the main data is presented in Table 2. It shows all peculiarities of the information obtained in the process of investigation of this issue. The potential mediators, student-reported social cohesion, and perception of neighborhood safety can be found in this table (Pabayo et al., 2014). That is why it can be called the most important for the understanding of the main sense of the work. Table 3 ends the row. It presents the final results of the research and analysis of mutual dependence between neighborhood-level factors and the physical activity of adolescents living in them.

Conclusion

Having conducted the research, the authors come to the conclusion that social fragmentation and conditions of living are an important factor which can influence the level of physical activity among adolescents. The work underlines a threatening tendency toward decreasing physical activity among teens and youth, who live in unstable or dangerous neighborhoods. The researchers also introduce a discussion about the possible ways of mitigating of negative effects of unfortunate districts and methods of increasing the level of physical activity. The authors are sure, that interference is needed to change the current state of affairs. Physical activity is an important part of the life of any human being and it is especially vital for adolescents as their bodies are just forming. That is why further investigation of this issue is needed to understand the problem better and find an ideal solution.

References

Pabayo, R., Molnar, B., Cardock, A. & Kawachi, I. (2014). The Relationship Between Neighborhood Socioeconomic Characteristics and Physical Inactivity Among Adolescents Living in Boston, Massachusetts. American Journal of Public Health, 104(11), 1-8. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302109