The issue of climate change has gone beyond the framework of environmental problems, and it permeates the global economy. It has promoted relations between countries, and this tendency will persist for the upcoming decades. Moreover, climate change will affect not only the economy but also the culture between countries, and it might potentially change the balance of power. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how increased climate change might affect inter-country relations in the next 50 years.
Importantly, the current situation has a big impact on relations between countries. A year ago, many countries declared a state of emergency in the field of environment and climate. People began to unite in mass protests to show the ruling forces that the population is experiencing a cultural shift in values. However, the situation causes not only a wide public outcry but also affects the policies followed by countries. For instance, it is planned to launch an initiative according to which the European Union (EU) should become carbon-neutral by 2050. This policy will change the existing economic landscape in the EU countries and their partners.
Moreover, climate change is gradually leading to resonances in the political arena, where the crisis of the capitalist system is slowly increasing. In Western countries, questions arise about current economic development and capitalism per se. This is a political worldview, focused on achieving short-term tasks, and this approach applies to ecology as well. In addition, climate change has proven the inadequacy of traditional models of economic growth. Global warming is a problem that cannot be solved in a quick way, which casts doubt on modern economic models. As countries become richer, greenhouse gas emissions will increase. This means that further economic growth will only aggravate the environmental situation, and it can be assumed that this will inevitably lead to a rebalancing of power.
The complexity of the issue lies in the fact that even if the European Union, which seeks to become carbon-neutral, reduces its emissions, it will continue consuming products that are imported from China and India. This means that it will still affect the carbon footprint that countries leave. It turns out that the consumption-based economic growth model that has dominated the global economy for the past 60 years is not able to solve the problem of global warming, which implies that it is inefficient.
As noted above, climate change leads to increased international interaction and cooperation. The involvement of an increasing number of states in the international process of interaction is a prerequisite for the emergence and sustainable existence of global relations and their development into global processes. Initiatives, such as the Paris Agreement, are an important step in developing international cooperation on climate change. International collaboration is crucial because even the most powerful states cannot stand up to global threats alone. However, in order to effectively solve the problem of climate change, the consent and cooperation of all the main participants in the global process are necessary. The creation of effective international mechanisms for transferring the latest technologies and financial support to developing countries is one of the key issues here. The global community is faced with the need to change its course of action, redefine the market framework, and overcome the currently dominant type of economic development in favor of a sustainable development model.
Thus, the understanding that uncontrolled human activity threatens the destruction of the planet becomes global. The gradual strengthening of international climate diplomacy is a reflection of the mood of the population. Limiting greenhouse gas emissions, adapting society to climate change, the solidarity of countries are the main goals of states for the coming decades. The diplomatic process in the field of climate change, search for common solutions face difficulties in overcoming the opportunistic interests of states. Nevertheless, one can expect the strengthening of inter-country relations since they are the only correct approach in this situation.