Well-trained and skilled persons can understand the various challenges faced in research. However, this does not strictly refer to qualified and experienced researchers. For other qualitative research programs, such as undergraduate research, the institutions should employ qualified and experienced researchers as supervisors for their learners (Lemon & Hayes, 2020). These research instructors will train the student and equip them with the necessary skills to conduct their research (Shenton, A. K. (2004). This will ensure the students conduct studies well and provide valid findings.
Ethical considerations are the fundamental principles that direct the research designs and conduct in research. When conducting a study, a researcher should ethically do the following, ensure scientific integrity, facilitate research validity and protect research participants’ rights (Goncalves, 2020). Individual rights such as privacy and confidentiality should be respected. All forms of harm, whether inadvertent or not, should be prevented. No experimental research on unknown risks should be conducted on human beings. When conducting research, the researcher is ethically obligated to ensure scientific integrity. Intellectual honesty should be upheld in conducting and reporting research. All academic papers used in the study should be scholarly and be added to a reference page. Each investigator should ensure that their research is valid and reliable by accurately collecting, measuring, and representing the data.
A researcher may, however, face various ethical challenges when conducting studies. These issues may include ensuring the privacy of the participants. The researcher may discover information about a participant that is of public concern. In this case, they will be forced to break the code of ethics and expose the information. The researcher-participant relationship can compromise the research if they have contradicting issues (Kezar, 2014). A researcher may fail to eliminate intrusion into the participants’ autonomy effectively.
Lemon, L. L., & Hayes, J. (2020). Enhancing trustworthiness of qualitative findings: Using Leximancer for qualitative data analysis triangulation. The Qualitative Report, 25(3), 604-614.
Shenton, A. K. (2004). Strategies for ensuring trustworthiness in qualitative research projects. Education for Information, 22(2), 63-75.
Goncalves, D. C. (2020). Distinctive ethical challenges in qualitative research with migrant children. Qualitative Research Journal, 20(3), 293-303.
Kezar, A. (2014). Higher education change and social networks: A review of research. The Journal of Higher Education, 85(1), 91-125.