A sovereign state is an independent territory with its people, land, and a ruling government with the powers to control it. There are 195 known sovereign states defined by their independence and ability to relate without interfering with internal affairs of each other. The presence of intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) has enhanced the formation of reliable strategies to approach conflicts among states as well as within sovereign regions. The prevailing UN is an example of functional organizations helping to connect nations by assisting in their internal as well as external matters.
The first international organization created to connect sovereign states was termed as the League of Nations. This organization failed due to the lack of subscriptions from the countries that had a major influence across the globe. It had been developed after the First World War when the main nations failed to subscribe, making League of Nations unable to meet its objectives of mediating conflicts apparent within the globe.
It was later replaced by the United Nations that had been paramount in handling conflicts and later took a other international roles after the Cold War. However, the developments of these organizations happened alongside flaws and misunderstandings between nations.
Activisms had grown significantly to fight various aspects in the human livelihood in the globe. Since the Sovereign states are the core members of most international organizations, the operational laws for the UN had to be deliberated in a transparent and acceptable manner for each nation (Archer 114). The growth of the UN attracted and forced other states to join in respect to their problems that could be handled by it. The organizations are different in two main ways;
- International NGOs: It is an association with many different member nations that are not operated or dependent on the government. Some of the international organizations include Care International, Amnesty International, and Oxfam International.
- Intergovernmental organization: It is an association that is fully controlled and dependent on government with members from different nations. It includes the United Nations (which is open to all peaceful states that are willing and ready to follow the bylaws of the organization), World Bank, Islamic development bank, and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Davies and Woodward 1).
In sovereign states, an international NGO administers services that the state does offer to its citizens. It acts very fast on incidences of natural calamities or critical situations that need emergency assistance. It is among those international organizations which respond quickly to such issues that align with its organizational mission and vision. The NGOs depend on the soft powers but does not rely on politics where they can enhance their authorities by linking with other international NGOs.
In the case of finance, some of the international NGOs are privately funded, while others are partially funded by the government and in terms of membership. Some of these organizations allow all people to join while others have their membership closed and allow only specific nations to join. They are developed so as to stop bad moral practices, help in dispute settlement, teach the public on international relations, and deal with issues that the states are not able to solve for their citizens.
The international non-governmental organizations are grouped according to the work they perform. There are other organizations that deal with many different projects, children and young people, health, human rights, education sector, environmental activities, and challenges. There are others that deal with international religious activities. Their core principles in the world include; acting on social welfare, dealing with the rights of an individual person, being ready to volunteer in case of an emergency, acting on citizenship in the whole world, and replacing or changing the outdated traditions, values or any issues that may not be in line with the human rights.
Some of the international governmental organizations (IGOs) have different missions, while others have specific work depending on the nature of the organization. The IGOs have separate orientations depending on where they operate. For global organizations are nurtured to allow all nations to meet the membership standards to join (Neeley 476).Such organizations must comply with the laws and setup of the preexisting regulation.
On the other hand, the regional organization membership is availed only to the nations of a certain regions like in continents or countries. It is commissioned to serve a chosen region in a specified continent or country. This feature can be attributed to the issue being addressed that affects a certain ethnic group or places. Such organizations show that global and regional associations are IIGOs that are similar in some aspects, especially in delivering services to their member states (Neeley 476).
The intergovernmental organizations are different in terms of the work they conduct, especially with the procedures and requirements of membership in general (Boehmer and Nordstrom 283). They are developed in such a way that some are specified for disputes determination while others are formed so as to maintain peace, improve international mutual efforts, encourage human rights, to improve education and health care, to support people in need and for economic growth.
This type of international organization is formed in cooperation with sovereign states so as to help in the case of a conflict by providing a forum for negotiation, during a discussion of issues to make it affordable for each member state, provide the states with the required information and changing the perspective of a state in some activities.
Due to globalization, the number of global organizations, international organizations, and regional organizations continue to increase where there are international relations within political, domestic, economic and military sections. The sovereign states decide to join these organizations for economical benefits, security purposes, democracy improvement and political influence (Rittberger, Zangl and Kruck 141).
The transparency, membership requirements and procedures, the requirement of each sovereign state, and equality of their members of these international organizations make them democratic, nationally equal, alter the functioning of the state’s authority and raises the trust of their members on their work and commitiment (Reinalda 106).
The development, nature, and intersection of global, international, and regional organizations between and within the sovereign states depend on the form of the association active in the role play (Rittberger, Zangl and Kruck 141). Different forms of international organizations have different missions, membership limitations, and other requirements which limit the number of nations to join. Thus, not all sovereign states are members of international organizations. The intergovernmental organization members’ meetings do most of the crucial international work.
Each state looks for the best and most beneficial international organization which has more advantages and which suits it according to the challenges it is facing or has faced in the past. The popularity of some states subjects them to difficulties on becoming members of most international organizations. In times of conflicts, natural calamities, or other emergencies in any member sovereign state, these international organizations come arise to help without delays or resistance. It is through these organizations where the sovereign states relate well, maintain peace, and secure their territories.
Archer, Clive. International organizations. Routledge, 2014.
Boehmer, Charles, and Timothy Nordstrom. “Intergovernmental organization memberships: Examining political community and the attributes of international organizations.” International Interactions 34.3 (2008): 282-309.
Davies, Michael, and Richard Woodward. international organization.Edward Elgar publishing, Inc. 2014.
Neeley, Tsedal B. “Language matters: Status loss and achieved status distinctions in global organizations.” Organization Science 24.2 (2013): 476-497.
Reinalda, Bob. Routledge handbook of international organization. Routledge, 2013.
Rittberger, Volker, Bernhard Zangl, and Andreas Kruck. International organization. Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.