Movie scripting is a lengthy and ineffective procedure that requires a lot of time and effort. Screenwriters often submit multiple scenarios for consideration, but only one is selected. When screenwriters write a screenplay, they use a variety of literary techniques to keep the viewer interested. All other aspects of filmmaking depend on the script; it includes the work of the director and performers, as well as their ability to bring a concept to life on screen. While screenwriting is not considered a literary art, the screenwriter must nevertheless make the screenplay enjoyable to read. Literature and script creators should develop the characters in the story. While they vary considerably in structure, conversation relevance, duration, and speed, they all have several things.
Racial diversity became a need for spectators as well as a growing concern in cinema. It is primarily due to world trends and movements against racial discrimination. Unfortunately, sometimes this question comes first, and the work itself becomes not interesting for the viewer, and people go to the cinema to see if the director has met the norm of ethnic diversity or not. A case study is included in the methodology; there are no historical examples, comparisons, and contrasts. On the contrary, each aspect of the topic complements each other for better assimilation of the material. Also, the study will not be chronological and will cite multiple sources.
Literary Techniques of Screenwriting
The use of literary techniques aids in the telling and understanding of stories. As a result, literature seeks new methods to unfold the narrative and construct text space, while cinematography looks for new ways to interpret the stories and produce a vocal layer of cine-text (Kuryaev and Osmukhina, 2018). In cinema and media studies, ethics and screenwriting will define a primary research subject for many readers interested in the morality of screen compositions and attempts to restrict or govern what individuals see on the screens (Maras, 2016). Because of this, they are divided into literary techniques and literary components. Authors employ literary devices to hint at more significant themes, ideas, and meanings in a tale or piece of literature; they are also known as literary devices. Literature employs a variety of literary techniques, each of which serves a particular function. They can be used at the sentence or paragraph level, or they can be used to enhance the whole piece of writing.
Storytelling must include a literary aspect; written and spoken narratives must have these aspects if a tale is told. Storytelling in movies follows a similar pattern to storytelling in other media, such as plays and novels. It also has its own set of temporal limitations and cadences and structures exclusive to the medium (Cutting, 2016). A genre is a literary element that has a surface structure and cognitive processing. Cowboys, Indians, creaking weathervanes, for instance, are nearly identical in the Western genre. Manifest Destiny and genocide may be at the heart of a Western’s fundamental structure. The ability to detect genre clichés as a scriptwriter can allow for manipulating consumer expectations better.
Every writer utilizes literary methods to express meaning; while literary components describe what a writer is saying, gadgets describe how they say it. The plot of a play, novel, or screenplay is the plan of action for the story. The protagonist is usually the one who drives the story’s action, which leads to a series of events described as a plot in fiction. To a presumably gratifying dramatic conclusion, the plot directs the tale.
Human values, customs, and culture are commonly shown in movies. There were concerns concerning cinematic ethics before there was a film-philosophy, and they had to do with photography, the medium’s foundation (Sinnerbrink and Trahair, 2016). Diverse cultures exist around the globe, yet they are underrepresented on television and in cinema; it is the responsibility of the screenwriters. This fundamental imbalance must be understood as historical, persistent, and developing by cinema critics today (Aaron, 2016). A split exists in the writers’ minds about whether or not they may depict a society in their works that they do not belong in. There is a narrow line in limiting works and characters to one culture or ethnicity. Some people may consider the author’s depiction of another nationality as a continuation of other races being abused or an incursion into someone else’s heritage.
In my opinion, ethnic diversity should not limit the writers in any way. On the contrary, it can play a role for them, since by introducing different races into the film, they can really achieve a variety of cultures both visually and in the script. However, there are times where this is not acceptable. If imagining a film about the Middle Ages in northern Europe, people are unlikely to represent anyone there except white people. If historically and geographically, the setting encompassed a territory where there have never been any races other than whites, then it would be wrong to introduce other races from the point of view of history. Accordingly, if the film tells about something that has happened or is happening in the last hundred years, then racial diversity will be required, since historically then all races were already mixed among themselves and in one city almost all ethnic groups of the world could be found.
When it comes to creating scripts, Quentin Tarantino has a unique style of work. Because they are handwritten, the author does not plan tale twists or internal monologues; he uses unique literary techniques in his writings. It is clear to Tarantino that he is not working alone or in a creative vacuum: his films are firmly rooted in cinema genres and film history (Roche, 2018). As a benefit, Tarantino’s films have diverse casts, including racial and ethnic minorities as well as forceful female roles. As a successful screenwriter and director, he takes advantage of his position to fight for diversity and inclusion in the film industry and beyond.
As a screenwriter, Spike Lee has a great deal of expertise in the film industry. His films encourage diversity and raise many critical racial issues and concerns. Lee poses a philosophical challenge to his audience: to analyze the contents of their souls and determine how those contents affect their perception of race. The screenwriter stipulated that he would only deal with African-American media since they better understood Malcolm X’s topic before it was released. It is because of his influence that he promotes multiculturalism and champions African-Americans. On the other hand, Spike Lee encourages authors to write about what they care about and what they know. Before creating a script for a new film, he does extensive research. In addition, Lee’s film provides clues as to how such self-questioning should be answered. Being aware of the role race plays in shaping one’s identity and cognitive viewpoint, for example, is indicated to be a better epistemological position than not being aware of these aspects.
Practice in the Research
Throughout my research, I took the lead role in writing the project. Information search, processing and analysis, evaluation and generalization, and specification of information are the main stages of research. The process of finding information was not complex since the field of cinema is more relevant than ever, and there is information for every choice. Processing and analysis took place in such a way that it was required to understand and define the main essence of the information found, to structure it for easy reading. Thus, ensure maximum accessibility for all who read this study. The assessment consisted of assessing the opinions of acting professionals and building their own opinion. It is also about leaving the most relevant information. Generalization and concretization consisted in the fact that the information was compiled clearly for each aspect, in a straightforward form, and accessible to any reader.
The Significance of the Research
This work is essential since these issues, even if discussed, can be appropriately studied. Directors from a variety of racial and ethnic backgrounds continue to be in the minority in independent films and even more in the highest-grossing films. There is also a marked difference between documentary and narrative filmmaking. Namely, color filmmakers predominate in the narrative space. In today’s society, cinema has become an essential part of nearly everyone’s life. Due to its accessibility and the popularity of high-profile films, cinema has become increasingly popular. In addition to being time-consuming, the process of producing a screenplay is not always successful. They utilize a range of literary approaches to interest the audience while they compose the screenplay. The screenplay is the foundation of all other parts of filmmaking. Director and actors’ ability to bring an idea to life onscreen is considered.
Racial diversity became a need for spectators as well as a growing concern in cinema. Global trends and movements against racial prejudice are the primary causes. As a result, the work itself becomes uninteresting to the audience, and people go out to the movies to see if the filmmaker has met the norm of racial variety or not. Since these topics can be adequately examined even if they are mentioned, this effort is vital.
Aaron, M. (2016). ‘Ethics and digital film’, Film Criticism, 40(1). Web.
Cutting, J. E. (2016). ‘Narrative theory and the dynamics of popular movies’, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23(6), 1713-1743.
Kuryaev, I. R., & Osmukhina, O. Y. (2018). ‘Literature and cinema: Aspects of interaction’, Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 7(3), 276-383.
Maras, S. (ed.). (2016). Ethics in screenwriting: New perspectives. New York, NY:Springer.
Sinnerbrink, R. & Trahair, L. (2016). ‘Film and/as Ethics’, SubStance, (45). 3-15. Web.
Roche, D. (2018). Quentin Tarantino: poetics and politics of cinematic metafiction. University Press of Mississippi.