Pollution poses devastating consequences on the environment. In particular, various types of pollution, including water, air, soil, noise, and light contamination, contribute to the degradation of the environment to a considerable extent. As such, it is crucial to mitigate diverse forms of pollution as a way of enhancing the sustainability of the environment. According to Greenstone and Hanna, air pollution facilitated by the emission of hazardous gases such as nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) is a leading trigger of environmental degradation. Such poisonous gases cause an array of respiratory disorders, including asthma and lung cancer. Today, the issue of global warming facing humanity is a direct effect of the release of CFCs into the atmosphere.
Water pollution prompts adverse impacts on the environment, as denoted by the unsustainability of marine life and the outbreak of water-borne diseases in some regions. In this respect, Greenstone and Hanna emphasize the need for establishing measures that can effectively manage the disposal of household and industrial wastes. Furthermore, mitigating water pollution may also facilitate the prevention of soil contamination, which has a significant influence on agricultural production.
Moreover, noise and light pollution make life unbearable in the modern world. In particular, pollutants such as cars, trains, and aircraft create unwanted noise, especially in urban centers. Additionally, Greenstone and Hanna reveal that light pollution in the form of astronomical interference and over-illumination also causes unnecessary distress to humans. Therefore, there is the need to combat various types of air pollution in the world as a way of fostering environmental sustainability.