Second World War and Its Effects

Subject: History
Pages: 2
Words: 308
Reading time:
< 1 min

The effects of WWII included the surrender of Germany and Japan, the formation of the Atlantic Charter, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. WWII came to an end when Germany signed the Instrument of Surrender. The Potsdam Agreement has signed that obliged Germany to postwar reparations, demilitarization, and denazification. Japan’s surrender was achieved using the nuclear attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The US president Harry S. Truman was afraid of losing his army and decided to defeat Japan as soon as possible.

Experts suggest that Japan would be surrendered without bombing, by, for example, blocking its trading. WWII led to the formation of the Atlantic Charter, a policy that aimed to maintain the postwar world. The Charter was drafted by the leaders of the United Kingdom and the US. It set eight aims, several of which were that The United Kingdom and the US did not have the right to seek for the territories and that people had the right to be self-determined. These two countries had similar views and plan on the postwar world and wanted to present their mutual partnership after the Nazi’s defeat. The agreements in the Atlantic Charter shaped the present US and served as a basis for the key policies such as The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.

Another significant impact that WWII had on the world is the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) by the United Nations. The UDHR claimed that human rights are possessed by every person from birth and are the foundation of freedom and justice. Premises for the declaration were during the war when the Nazis committed atrocities. It became apparent that the United Nations did not clearly state the set of rights. Thus, the individual declaration that specified human rights was necessary.