The Metacognitive Approach in Education

Introduction

Metacognition is the knowledge concerning ones owns cognitive processes and the active monitoring and the regulation of these processes in the pursuit of ones goals. It involves the active reflection of what you already know and what you think coupled with cognitive self management that is the ability to plan and implement appropriate strategies. The benefits of metacognitive teaching in education and technology lies in the ability to transfer responsibilities for monitoring learning from teachers to the immediate learners. It requires students to use the available technology like the use of computers in schools in order to advance learning.

In the context of rapid change, such as the inevitable technology, this approach provides students with distinct advantages.Metacognitive learning is considered as addressing certain influences on education and technology that is motivation, strategies and affect. These elements are seen to have an impact on the present and the future education and technology to most of the learners. Educational technology especially with the introduction of computers with the computer related peripherals have grown widely and are used in almost all the institutions. Most of the institutions like banks, hospitals and other industries use this technology in most of their activities. (Baker, and Brown, 1984).

Main body

Metacognitice approach focuses on attitudes, beliefs, learning strategies and also helps learners to come in to recognition of how technology changes and how to effectively utilize this technology. When students are in a position to change with the new technology, education system will eventually improve and less time taken in education. This can be achieved by introducing computers to schools and these students are supposed to embrace life long computer learning. It is advisable for learners to foster technology abilities at every level of schooling process. It is due to the use of these computers in schools which will hopefully lead to greater and more innovation in the use of technology.

The future success of technology in education is seen as been depended on teachers by developing their own ideas on this new technology. In the metacognitive approach, certain elements such as the learning styles, help seeking, attribution, and problem solving were developed as metacognitive scaffolds and these elements were eventually tested in the students. Those elements which evoked insight and change were retained. With introduction of computers in schools, you will find that students can work faster and teachers will take the shortest time possible when teaching since computers are thought to be quite effective. (Baker, and Brown, 1984).

For instance the internet is becoming an increasingly tool of information in most of the societies today. But there is need to invest in the new technology. We live in a world whereby we deal with huge and big volumes of data. In order to be in a position to organize and analyze these data’s, then there is the need of computers application and software in order to be in a position to work effectively with these huge data’s.

One famous academic research organization was created to apply knowledge on understanding. This organization came with a certain web, Kno.e.sis which was used to mean an advance to new approaches, technologies and techniques for various information and this was to be applied for the process of management. One way in which work can be made understandable is by the use of semantic web which is used worldwide and its used by much software’s and machines.

Technology and innovation can improve the lives of many people in the modern life. The internet has a wide range of information which is used in many schools, so students are in a position to research their work using the web. In most of the schools, you find that they have installed these computers and hence making it easy for the children to learn better.Barack Obama in his statement said that, the only people to succeed in the 21st century are only those people who utilize the internet facilities. (Baker, and Brown, 1984).

Also metacognition approach in education today has led to distance learning with the new technology. Education is done online through the distance learning systems like tapped in learning system, blackboard learning system, Moodle learning system, Sakai among other systems. The high demand for education requires the need for a continuous professional development which includes the online activities. Online teaching is supposed to put the teachers in the anytime, anywhere teaching programs. It is also due to the increased demand in education that communities need to combine their resources, efforts and support and it’s by the system approach, which will support this mission.

For instance, tapped in is a web based learning environment. It was created by the SRI with the initiative of transforming the teacher professional providers and educators. It offers a professional and quality education. It is through the distance learning whereby the users make full exploitation of the computer based training, electronic classrooms and videoteletraining.Its by fully utilizing the network based training programs whereby the learners are in a position to make use of the network services hence enabling the training to be quite effective since the learners are in a position to access this information via the internet.

Knowledgeable and effective school teachers are extremely important in determining whether technology will improve learning in most of the students. So for effective technologies, leadership strategies must be put in place. (Brown, 1980).

Conclusion

The metacognitive approach in education and technology has a wide impact on the teachers and educators. It provides a mechanism for building capability for lifelong learning and the adaptation for the rapid rate of technological change. The modern world uses the new technology in most of its activities and hence this technology should be introduced in schools to empower the educators with the necessary knowledge so as to meet their career goals.

Reference

Adams, M. (1989). Teaching thinking to chapter 1 students. Center for study of reading.

Baker, L. and Brown, A. (1984). Metacognitive Skills and Reading. New York, Longman.353-394.

Brown, A. (1980). Metacognitive development and reading. Hillsdale, NJ, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Barrack O. (2007). New Technology in the 21st Century. United States Press.