The modern world is full of different dangers and nature may become the main danger. Climate change may bring a lot of inconveniences to people’s life or even the elimination of the whole of mankind. Nature is a very powerful instrument that is not only used by people but also may be the reason for a great disaster. The reasons for global warming have always been considered as human interference in the natural laws, but the newest investigations show that human actions, which are thought to influence nature, are the drop in the bucket, and could not lead to such great changes. The very nature is thought to be the main reason for climate change and global warming as a result.
The human factor in the global warming
People have always been considered as the main factors which lead to global warming. Greenhouse gases are emitted what is certainly the human fault as the main reason for the greenhouse effect is the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which is caused by human activities, such as fossil fuel burning and uncontrolled land usage (Black, 2007). The carbon dioxide stays in the atmosphere and prevents the sun rays to enter the atmosphere and to reflect from the land, as the result, the atmosphere is heated and the greenhouse effect occurs which influences the climate greatly, as it is the main reason for the global warming. It is proved that “Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and the land area represent a very complex physical system” (Lunine, 2000, p. 289) and the warming of the atmosphere leads to the warming of the whole Earth.
Natural factor in the global warming
The other opinion is that the climate changes because of natural activity. The arguments which are given are that people’s activities do not harm the planes to such extend, to which the very nature can do this. “Volatile sun can contribute to temperature change” (Horner, 2007, p. 66) much greater than human activity. The natural reasons for global warming may be solar energy, volcanic eruption, and other factors which are not the results of human activity. Horner (2007) also states that greenhouse gases have always been in the atmosphere and that the absence of them would have made Mars’s atmosphere on the Earth. He also raises the question of whether global warming is so dangerous, as “for every shrinking glacier there is a growing one” (Horner, 2007, p. 67), but these facts do not always catch people’s attention. One more, the climate changes, it becomes warmer, and Horner (2007) concedes that these changes are not harmful, moreover, they are for the benefit and that “we cannot be sure that Earth’s warming is a bad thing” (Horner, 2007, p. 67).
In conclusion, the climate changes, and it is the incontestable fact, but all other arguments and offers have at least two sides. First of all, there are two points of view about global warming, whether it is harmful (supported by most of the scientists) or whether it is not so bad for the Earth (supported by Horner and some other scientists). The other point for discussion is the question of who or what is the reason for the climate change, a human or a nature. There are no definite answers to the questions but anyway, nature should be protected by people, and people will be paid the same.
- Black, R 2007, ‘Humans blamed for climate change’, BBC News, online Web.
- Horner, CC 2007, The politically incorrect guide to global warming and environmentalism, Regnery Publishing, Washington.
- Lunine, JI 2000, Earth: evolution of a habitable world, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.