Freud’s and Jung’s Approaches to Dream Analysis

Subject: Psychology
Pages: 3
Words: 600
Reading time:
2 min

Dreams are one of the most fascinating things for people; during ancient times, lots of scientists and philosophers wanted to examine what our dreams were made of, and how it was possible to analyze all those dreams. So, dream analysis is considered to be as oldest in this world. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung made a considerable impact on the development of dream analysis, and explained why we all had dreams, and what they were all about. It is necessary to admit that there is one concrete model that helps to work with dreams; each step of this model is where exactly Freud and Jung considerably differ from each other. Even Jean Clement admitted that Jung could not agree with Freud in many things and presented several quite bright examples to prove his point of view.

Sigmund Freud was one of the most famous psychologists and doctors, who presented so many ideas to people of the 20th century. Carl Jung was one of his brightest followers; with time, he began to reject some of Freud’s ideas and had enough arguments to prove his own positions. There are three stages, according to which Freud and Jung could not find certain agreement: an exploration of dreams, their understanding, and usage.

Freud and Jung agreed that dreams contained certain information about people, who had those dreams, but still, the interpretation of dreams by Freud and Jung was quite different. Freud was sure that any person had their own desires and wishes. It is necessary to remember that these desires should be controlled in order to be correspondent to the society, a person lives in. The major point is that these animalistic desires cannot disappear at all, because they can be easily restored within dreams. Freud called this phenomenon “unconscious” or “ego”. So, according to Freud’s interpretation, dreams are all those hidden desires, which allow living a normal life according to the rules, settled by society. In his turn, Carl Jung mentioned that dreams are not hidden desires of a person. According to this thinker, dreams are aimed at revealing any desire to a dreamer.

In the second stage, which underlines understanding of dreams and their purposes, Freud and Jung also presented different points of view. Freud admitted the idea that dreams were considered to be a kind of protection for any human being. Dreams help a person to behave socially correct and be sane. Steele and Swinney admit that they are “stories or fragments of stories and an uninterpreted dream beckons, like an unopened book, to be read, interpreted, and understood.” Even being a devoted student of Freud, Jung did not support this very idea of his tutor; Jung truly believed that dreams could serve as a kind of communication that happened between the conscious mind and unconscious mind.

According to Freud and Jung, the use of dreams had some differences as well. For Freud, the analysis of dreams is a kind of tool that a doctor should use in his/her practice in order to comprehend better the psychological condition of another person. Dreams help to comprehend the subconscious of all humans and turn out to be the fulfillment of wishes. Jung comprehended dreams as a kind of connection: people should have a chance to know what they really want, and their dreams turned out to be a good method to realize this truth. So, Freud aimed to control the situation, Jung wanted to help people find one more way and follow human instincts, desires, and preferences.