Global Health Goals and Health Disparities

Subject: Sociology
Pages: 3
Words: 1079
Reading time:
4 min
Study level: Bachelor

Due to its fundamental worldwide tasks of developing, monitoring, and upholding international conventions and regulations, as well as organizing numerous actors toward shared goals, the World Health Organization (WHO) plays a crucial role in the global governance of health and illness. The most widely embraced, all-inclusive, and laser-focused framework for eradicating poverty in the world is the Millennium Development Goals. The MDGs are taken from the Millennium Declaration and symbolize the pledges of the United Nations Member States to lessen severe poverty and its many manifestations. Including malnourishment, illness, gender disparity, a lack of significant exposure to basic facilities and schooling, and ecological devastation were adopted and endorsed by all Governments in 2000. The MDGs established quantifiable goals awaiting accomplishment in due time. They also serve as the foundation for international development strategy by defining the obligations of wealthy nations to assist developing countries through grants, debt reduction, and increased trade agreements.

Time and time again, gender biases being a global issue, tends to hold despite the many attempts by the intentional communities in trial to eradicate it. Confronting gender stereotyping by these communities has impacted over the years since devising the Millennium Developmental Goals (MDGs). Empowering women and promoting gender equality is not only the right path to follow but also an innovative business as it is futuristic in eradicating poverty and increasing prosperity on a shared basis (Diorf, 2019). With resources in women’s hands, household expenses in capacities that do not detriment kids experience significant boosts. The World Health Organization (WHO) has crafted strong ties on gender equality, emphasizing the necessity for distinctively better data.

Mainly looking at Kenya, this developing African country has, in some ways, mainstreamed gender through the government. With limited conditioning of girls and lads into traditional gender norms, which are deeply rooted in most African countries, by relatives and other adults, education has been granted to many girls. Ergo eradicating illiteracy rates among the girls, which in some ways also leads to collectively boosting initiatives in early childhood development.

The country’s 2010 constitution depicts government devolution, incorporating pledges to protect human values and inherent freedoms in article 81(b): “Not more than two-thirds of the members of elective or appointive bodies shall be of the same gender” (Makau, 2019). This has been realized, though not to full effect, but gradually over the previous decade. The preferment for women’s political rights and involvement are scaling to the desired heights.

On the business side, most organizations that have supported and boosted both women’s labor force contribution and labor strategies affecting them have seen significant improvement in work output, hence an improved net profit for the organizations. The tendency to be somewhat biased toward women and people with disability (PWDs) when it comes to job application encourages more women to apply for jobs. This tends to motivate the ladies in the organizations, which is reciprocated by devotion to good artistry and eventually achieving the financial goals set up. Over the years, more women have started and maintained businesses with help from the government by improving and easing credit access and economic opportunities. At the forefront of this is the Kenya Women Microfinance Bank (KWFT) which has facilitated lots of credit allocation to the women in business, improving Kenya’s economy by great lengths.

Focusing on health, extending parental support policies, and reproductive health initiatives significantly lower the children mortality rate and preserve lives amid competent nurses educating these women extensively. The human rights justification has centered on sexual reproductive health and rights, inadvertently including family planning. According to a wealth quintile analysis, relatively wealthy women have reduced fertility rates and increased access to health services than poorer women (Steele et al., 2022). With government intervention, many have acquired help despite not being able to afford this commodity.

Emancipation, according to nurses, is a proactive, intrinsic act of continuous improvement anchored in deeply held personal values, leads to realizing one’s maximum capabilities, and takes place within a supportive nurse-client interaction. Clients’ continued involvement, enhanced consciousness, and heightened expertise and abilities are all vital, according to nurses. Empowering has a beneficial cascading effect that impacts others. Women’s commitments to primary health care, notably in the field of health education, tend to elevate their self-esteem and embolden them to continue serving their societies in a variety of ways, including improving women’s health and well-being of their family members and training women as caregivers and care managers (Steele et al., 2022). Women can actively engage more fully and effectively in societal structure if parental rights, such as the privilege to choose the count, timeframe, and placement of her kids, and the chance to express reproductive choices free of harassment and bigotry, are endorsed and guarded.

Health disparities are avoidable variations in the ailment severity, damage, aggression, or potential for good health that socioeconomically deprived people face. Due to previous and contemporaneous disproportionate allocation of societal, governmental, financial, and environmental needs, there is an achievement of health disparities. These health discrepancies, too, result from institutional prejudice and abuse of human rights. In Kenya, street-connected children and youth (SCY) are adversely impacted by avoidable illness and premature fatality. These children and youth are known as ‘chokoraa’ (trash collectors). They are susceptible to rights infringement, marginalization, social isolation, and prejudice, which influence their health and well-being (Burkholder, 2020). The situation of street kids is seen as a psychosocial–educational concern in Kenya and around the world (Burkholder, 2020). Over time, it has been clear that merely putting children living on the streets in facilities is insufficient. Understanding who these children are as individuals is more important and valuable.

Making significant advances regarding health equity is led by nurses. Being a patient advocate is one of the most effective things nurses can do to eliminate health inequities. It could involve speaking out for patient rights, valuable tools, interpreters, distress detection, or even cultural competency education at work. Clinical nurses in a hospital setting can identify the fall risks their patients might have after discharge and provide assistance with resources they can incorporate to improve their health by raising awareness among their patients. Nurses, too, can modify patient services to lower fall risks in the area of adjustment, telemedicine, and home-based care. For instance, they are assisting patients in adjusting to home vulnerabilities and learning to maneuver their surroundings. And by advocating for health policies that aim to transform the community infrastructure to help avoid falls, these actions can extend to the maximum level of system improvement.


Burkholder, K. (2020). Education for street-connected children in Kenya: Marginalization, challenges, and recommendations. Cultural psychology of education, 97–115.

Diouf, G. (2019). Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Social Welfare. International journal of science and society, 1(4), 17–24. Web.

Makau, S. W. (2019). Realization and the implementation of the two-third gender rule as enshrined in the Constitution: The Kenyan case. SSRN electronic journal.

Steele, V., Patterson, K., Berrang-Ford, L., King, N., Kulkarni, M., Lwasa, S., Namanya, D. B., & Harper, S. L. (2022). Antenatal Care Research in East Africa during the Millennium Development Goals Initiative: A scoping review. Maternal and child health journal, 26(3), 469–480.